Climacostol is a natural toxin isolated from the freshwater ciliated protozoan Climacostomum virens and belongs to the group of resorcinolic lipids. Climacostol exerts a potent antimicrobial activity against a panel of bacterial and fungal pathogens. In addition it inhibits the growth of tumor cell lines in a dose-dependent manner by inducing programmed cell death via intrinsic pathway. In this work, we investigated the possibility that climacostol exerts a prooxidant effect, inducing plasmid DNA strand breakage and eukaryotic DNA damage in presence of Cu(II) ions. Inhibition of DNA breakage using SOD, catalase and neocuproine confirmed the involvement of reactive oxygen species and Cu(I) ions in the DNA damage. UV–visible absorption changes and mass spectrometric analysis identified a product of reaction as a deprotonated form of climacostol. Study of the interaction with DNA, using fluorescence spectroscopic techniques, showed that climacostol binds with DNA. Given the structure–activity relationship of this compound and the mechanism of its prooxidant effect, we propose that the Cu(II)-mediated oxidative DNA damage by climacostol could explain its antimicrobial and antiproliferative activity.

DNA binding and oxidative DNA damage induced by climacostol–copper(II) complexes: Implications for anticancer properties.

QUASSINTI, Luana;MARCANTONI, Enrico;RICCIUTELLI, Massimo;LUPIDI, Giulio;BRAMUCCI, Massimo
2013

Abstract

Climacostol is a natural toxin isolated from the freshwater ciliated protozoan Climacostomum virens and belongs to the group of resorcinolic lipids. Climacostol exerts a potent antimicrobial activity against a panel of bacterial and fungal pathogens. In addition it inhibits the growth of tumor cell lines in a dose-dependent manner by inducing programmed cell death via intrinsic pathway. In this work, we investigated the possibility that climacostol exerts a prooxidant effect, inducing plasmid DNA strand breakage and eukaryotic DNA damage in presence of Cu(II) ions. Inhibition of DNA breakage using SOD, catalase and neocuproine confirmed the involvement of reactive oxygen species and Cu(I) ions in the DNA damage. UV–visible absorption changes and mass spectrometric analysis identified a product of reaction as a deprotonated form of climacostol. Study of the interaction with DNA, using fluorescence spectroscopic techniques, showed that climacostol binds with DNA. Given the structure–activity relationship of this compound and the mechanism of its prooxidant effect, we propose that the Cu(II)-mediated oxidative DNA damage by climacostol could explain its antimicrobial and antiproliferative activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/281582
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