We study the dissipative stabilization of entangled states in arrays of quantum systems. Specifically, we are interested in the states of qubits (spin-1/2) which may or may not interact with one or more cavities (bosonic modes). In all cases only one element, either a cavity or a qubit, is lossy and irreversibly coupled to a reservoir. When the lossy element is a cavity, we consider a squeezed reservoir and only interactions which conserve the number of cavity excitations. Instead, when the lossy element is a qubit, pure decay and a properly selected structure of XY-interactions are taken into account. We show that in all cases, in the steady state, many pairs of distant, non-directly interacting qubits, which cover the whole array, can get entangled in a stationary way, by means of the interplay of dissipation and local interactions.

Dissipative stabilization of entangled qubit pairs in quantum arrays with a single localized dissipative channel

Zippilli, Stefano;Vitali, David
2023-01-01

Abstract

We study the dissipative stabilization of entangled states in arrays of quantum systems. Specifically, we are interested in the states of qubits (spin-1/2) which may or may not interact with one or more cavities (bosonic modes). In all cases only one element, either a cavity or a qubit, is lossy and irreversibly coupled to a reservoir. When the lossy element is a cavity, we consider a squeezed reservoir and only interactions which conserve the number of cavity excitations. Instead, when the lossy element is a qubit, pure decay and a properly selected structure of XY-interactions are taken into account. We show that in all cases, in the steady state, many pairs of distant, non-directly interacting qubits, which cover the whole array, can get entangled in a stationary way, by means of the interplay of dissipation and local interactions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/479950
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