We theoretically investigate the superfluid-normal-state Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in a binary mixture of bosonic atoms with Rabi coupling under balanced densities. We find the nonmonotonic behavior of the transition temperature with respect to the intercomponent coupling and amplification of the transition temperature for finite values of Rabi coupling, but for small intracomponent couplings. We develop the Nelson-Kosterlitz renormalization-group equations in the two-component Bose mixture and obtain the Nelson-Kosterlitz criterion modified by a fractional parameter, which is responsible for half-integer vortices, and by Rabi coupling. Adopting the renormalization-group approach, we clarify the dependence of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition temperature on the Rabi coupling and the intercomponent coupling. Analysis of the first and second sound velocities also reveals the suppression of quasicrossing of the two sound modes with a finite Rabi coupling in the low-temperature regime. Our results for a two-dimensional binary Bose superfluid contribute to the understanding of a broad range of multicomponent quantum systems such as two-dimensional multiband superconductors.

Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition with Rabi-coupled bosons

Perali A.
Secondo
;
Salasnich L.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

We theoretically investigate the superfluid-normal-state Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in a binary mixture of bosonic atoms with Rabi coupling under balanced densities. We find the nonmonotonic behavior of the transition temperature with respect to the intercomponent coupling and amplification of the transition temperature for finite values of Rabi coupling, but for small intracomponent couplings. We develop the Nelson-Kosterlitz renormalization-group equations in the two-component Bose mixture and obtain the Nelson-Kosterlitz criterion modified by a fractional parameter, which is responsible for half-integer vortices, and by Rabi coupling. Adopting the renormalization-group approach, we clarify the dependence of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition temperature on the Rabi coupling and the intercomponent coupling. Analysis of the first and second sound velocities also reveals the suppression of quasicrossing of the two sound modes with a finite Rabi coupling in the low-temperature regime. Our results for a two-dimensional binary Bose superfluid contribute to the understanding of a broad range of multicomponent quantum systems such as two-dimensional multiband superconductors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/471963
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