Online learning environments such as e‐learning platforms are often used to encourage collaborative activities amongst students. In this context, group work is often used to improve the learning outcomes. Group formation is often performed randomly since university courses can be composed of a large number of students. While random formation saves time and resources, the student heterogeneity in terms of learning capabilities is not guaranteed. Although advanced e‐ learning platforms such as Moodle are widely used, they lack plugins that allow the automatic formation of heterogeneous groups of students. This work proposes a novel intelligent plugin for Moodle that allows the creation of heterogeneous groups by using Machine Learning. This intelligent application can be used in order to improve the students’ performance in collaborative activities. Our machine learning approach first uses clustering algorithms on Moodle data to identify homogeneous groups that are composed of students having similar behavior. Heterogeneous groups are then created by combining students selected from different homogeneous groups. To this end, a novel algorithm and the corresponding software, which allow the creation of heterogeneous groups, have been developed. We have implemented our approach by realizing a Moodle plugin where teachers can create heterogeneous groups.

Comparative analysis of clustering algorithms and moodle plugin for creation of student heterogeneous groups in online university courses

Amendola D.;Perali A.;Mostarda L.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Online learning environments such as e‐learning platforms are often used to encourage collaborative activities amongst students. In this context, group work is often used to improve the learning outcomes. Group formation is often performed randomly since university courses can be composed of a large number of students. While random formation saves time and resources, the student heterogeneity in terms of learning capabilities is not guaranteed. Although advanced e‐ learning platforms such as Moodle are widely used, they lack plugins that allow the automatic formation of heterogeneous groups of students. This work proposes a novel intelligent plugin for Moodle that allows the creation of heterogeneous groups by using Machine Learning. This intelligent application can be used in order to improve the students’ performance in collaborative activities. Our machine learning approach first uses clustering algorithms on Moodle data to identify homogeneous groups that are composed of students having similar behavior. Heterogeneous groups are then created by combining students selected from different homogeneous groups. To this end, a novel algorithm and the corresponding software, which allow the creation of heterogeneous groups, have been developed. We have implemented our approach by realizing a Moodle plugin where teachers can create heterogeneous groups.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/456418
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