The present study reports the green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles (NPs) from their respective precursors AgNO3 and HAuCl4, using root bark extract of Mammea suriga. Further, it describes the influence of various reaction parameters, such as pH, temperature, precursor concentration, and volume of the extract, on the morphology and size of the newly synthesized NPs. The biosynthesized NPs were characterized using UV–Vis spectroscopy, SEM, EDX, XRD, and FTIR. The formation of Ag and Au NPs was confirmed by their UV–Vis spectra. Ag NPs were efficiently synthesized at pH 10, with precursor concentration of 1 mM of AgNO3 and a reaction temperature of 80 °C, while Au NPs were successfully obtained at pH 8, with precursor concentration of either 1 or 3 mM HAuCl4, and the reaction was maintained at room temperature. The SEM study revealed that the particle size decreases with an increase in the extract volume used in the reaction. The XRD analysis confirmed the formation of metallic Ag and Au NPs having an average size of 50 and 22 nm, respectively. Further, the FTIR spectral data established the role of various functional groups of biomolecules involved in bioreduction as well as capping of NPs. The in vitro antibacterial screening results indicated that the NPs are potential antibacterial agents. Conclusively, the overall study showed that the root bark extract of M. suriga is an excellent eco-friendly and non-toxic source for the synthesis of biologically active Ag and Au NPs at optimal conditions.

Green Synthesis of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles Using Root Bark Extract of Mammea suriga: Characterization, Process Optimization, and Their Antibacterial Activity

Passamonti P.;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The present study reports the green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles (NPs) from their respective precursors AgNO3 and HAuCl4, using root bark extract of Mammea suriga. Further, it describes the influence of various reaction parameters, such as pH, temperature, precursor concentration, and volume of the extract, on the morphology and size of the newly synthesized NPs. The biosynthesized NPs were characterized using UV–Vis spectroscopy, SEM, EDX, XRD, and FTIR. The formation of Ag and Au NPs was confirmed by their UV–Vis spectra. Ag NPs were efficiently synthesized at pH 10, with precursor concentration of 1 mM of AgNO3 and a reaction temperature of 80 °C, while Au NPs were successfully obtained at pH 8, with precursor concentration of either 1 or 3 mM HAuCl4, and the reaction was maintained at room temperature. The SEM study revealed that the particle size decreases with an increase in the extract volume used in the reaction. The XRD analysis confirmed the formation of metallic Ag and Au NPs having an average size of 50 and 22 nm, respectively. Further, the FTIR spectral data established the role of various functional groups of biomolecules involved in bioreduction as well as capping of NPs. The in vitro antibacterial screening results indicated that the NPs are potential antibacterial agents. Conclusively, the overall study showed that the root bark extract of M. suriga is an excellent eco-friendly and non-toxic source for the synthesis of biologically active Ag and Au NPs at optimal conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/451136
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