Ghee is a dairy product widely consumed in India, north-Africa, and Middle East countries, having beneficial pharmacological effects. This study aims to characterize the effects of aromatic plants addition (rosemary and clove) on the nutritional, volatile and oxidative profile of cow ghee and to evaluate the effect of flavored ghee on the fibroblasts migration during wound healing in vitro assay. Two flavored ghee products were obtained by adding clove (CG) and rosemary (RG) as aromatic plants through maceration in cattle traditional ghee (BT). It was revealed that enriched ghee samples had significantly lower peroxide values (6.76 and 6.80 meqO2 /kg) compared to control samples (8.20 meqO2 /kg). Moreover, the addition of rosemary and clove change the volatile profile, and increased the retinol levels of ghee (BT: 1.3 mg/kg; CG: 1.9 mg/kg; and RG: 3.05 mg/kg). Liquid-chromatography analyses revealed the presence of targeted phenolic compounds such as carnosic acid, rutin and gallic acid in CG and RG, showing thus, the transfer of polyphenols from aromatic plants into the ghee matrix. On the other hand, the fatty acid composition of ghee remained unchanged. The major components of the prepared ghee samples contributed to rising significantly the human fibroblast migration in wound healing in vitro assay. The results obtained underline that the flavored ghee samples could improve skin regeneration, making them potentials therapeutic ingredients in skincare formulations.

Butter oil (ghee) enrichment with aromatic plants: Chemical characterization and effects on fibroblast migration in an in-vitro wound healing model

F. Kamgang Nzekoue;G. Caprioli
;
D. Fiorini;S. Vittori;F. Maggi;M. Buccioni;G. Marucci;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Ghee is a dairy product widely consumed in India, north-Africa, and Middle East countries, having beneficial pharmacological effects. This study aims to characterize the effects of aromatic plants addition (rosemary and clove) on the nutritional, volatile and oxidative profile of cow ghee and to evaluate the effect of flavored ghee on the fibroblasts migration during wound healing in vitro assay. Two flavored ghee products were obtained by adding clove (CG) and rosemary (RG) as aromatic plants through maceration in cattle traditional ghee (BT). It was revealed that enriched ghee samples had significantly lower peroxide values (6.76 and 6.80 meqO2 /kg) compared to control samples (8.20 meqO2 /kg). Moreover, the addition of rosemary and clove change the volatile profile, and increased the retinol levels of ghee (BT: 1.3 mg/kg; CG: 1.9 mg/kg; and RG: 3.05 mg/kg). Liquid-chromatography analyses revealed the presence of targeted phenolic compounds such as carnosic acid, rutin and gallic acid in CG and RG, showing thus, the transfer of polyphenols from aromatic plants into the ghee matrix. On the other hand, the fatty acid composition of ghee remained unchanged. The major components of the prepared ghee samples contributed to rising significantly the human fibroblast migration in wound healing in vitro assay. The results obtained underline that the flavored ghee samples could improve skin regeneration, making them potentials therapeutic ingredients in skincare formulations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/442064
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