Liriodendron tulipifera L. (Magnoliaceae), also known as ‘tulip tree’ is a hardwood plant native to North America, cultivated all over the world and used on an industrial level, especially for its fine wood and to make honey. It has been traditionally exploited for its antimalarial properties. However, our knowledge about the bioactivity of its essential oil remain patchy. In this research, we focused on the biological evaluation of the volatile fractions obtained from different parts of the plant which are normally discharged by industry, including leaves, flowers and fruits. For the purpose, the essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Then, they were evaluated as radical scavenging, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiproliferative agents by using DPPH, ABTS, FRAP, disk diffusion and MTT methods. The significant toxicity exhibited on human tumor cells, namely A375 malignant melanoma, HCT116 colon carcinoma, MDA-MB 231 breast adenocarcinoma and T98G glioblastoma multiforme cell lines, prompted us to study the mechanism of action by acridine orange/ethidium bromide double staining and caspase 3 assays. Our findings shed light on the potential applications of tulip tree derivatives as anticancer drugs.

Exploring new applications of tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera L.): leaf essential oil as apoptotic agent for human glioblastoma

L. Quassinti;F. Maggi;G. Lupidi;D. Petrelli;L. A. Vitali;A. Miano;M. Bramucci
2019-01-01

Abstract

Liriodendron tulipifera L. (Magnoliaceae), also known as ‘tulip tree’ is a hardwood plant native to North America, cultivated all over the world and used on an industrial level, especially for its fine wood and to make honey. It has been traditionally exploited for its antimalarial properties. However, our knowledge about the bioactivity of its essential oil remain patchy. In this research, we focused on the biological evaluation of the volatile fractions obtained from different parts of the plant which are normally discharged by industry, including leaves, flowers and fruits. For the purpose, the essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Then, they were evaluated as radical scavenging, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiproliferative agents by using DPPH, ABTS, FRAP, disk diffusion and MTT methods. The significant toxicity exhibited on human tumor cells, namely A375 malignant melanoma, HCT116 colon carcinoma, MDA-MB 231 breast adenocarcinoma and T98G glioblastoma multiforme cell lines, prompted us to study the mechanism of action by acridine orange/ethidium bromide double staining and caspase 3 assays. Our findings shed light on the potential applications of tulip tree derivatives as anticancer drugs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/428434
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