The feasibility of using DSC as an analytical method to evaluate the autoxidation of olive oil at 50°C and thermal oxidation at 93 and 180°C in 10-mL airtight vials was studied. DSC peak enthalpy and peak crystallization temperatures were compared with headspace oxygen depletion and headspace volatiles in oxidized oil samples. A single crystallization peak was found in olive oil. The crystallization peak shifted to lower temperatures, and the enthalpy associated with this phase transition decreased as the exposure time increased at 93 and 180°C. DSC peak enthalpy in olive oil at 50, 93, and 180°C showed correlations of 0.84, 0.91, and 0.95, respectively, with headspace oxygen depletion in sample bottles. Correlation of DSC initial peak temperature with headspace oxygen depletion was 0.53, 0.87, and 0.95 at 50, 93, and 180°C, respectively. Correlations of DSC peak enthalpy and initial peak temperature with headspace volatiles at 180°C were 0.95 and 0.97, respectively. These results indicate that DSC is a good analytical method to determine the oxidative stability of olive oil at frying temperature.

DSC determination of thermally oxidized olive oil

Vittadini, E.;
2003-01-01

Abstract

The feasibility of using DSC as an analytical method to evaluate the autoxidation of olive oil at 50°C and thermal oxidation at 93 and 180°C in 10-mL airtight vials was studied. DSC peak enthalpy and peak crystallization temperatures were compared with headspace oxygen depletion and headspace volatiles in oxidized oil samples. A single crystallization peak was found in olive oil. The crystallization peak shifted to lower temperatures, and the enthalpy associated with this phase transition decreased as the exposure time increased at 93 and 180°C. DSC peak enthalpy in olive oil at 50, 93, and 180°C showed correlations of 0.84, 0.91, and 0.95, respectively, with headspace oxygen depletion in sample bottles. Correlation of DSC initial peak temperature with headspace oxygen depletion was 0.53, 0.87, and 0.95 at 50, 93, and 180°C, respectively. Correlations of DSC peak enthalpy and initial peak temperature with headspace volatiles at 180°C were 0.95 and 0.97, respectively. These results indicate that DSC is a good analytical method to determine the oxidative stability of olive oil at frying temperature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/424827
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