We previously reported the isolation of low molecular weight phosphorylated peptides from the chromatin of several tissues. The chromatin peptides show a regulatory activity on DNA in vitro transcription and on cell growth and differentiation. In this paper, we report a molecular model of the native peptides designed according to the structural information obtained by means of biochemical and mass spectrometry analysis: pyroGlu-Ala-Gly-Glu-Asp-Ser(P)-Asp-Glu-Glu-Asn. This or very similar sequences are present in many transcription factors; on the basis of the structural model we presented and of related protein sequences, we have synthesized the peptide pyroGlu-Asp-Asp-Ser-Asp-Glu-Glu-Asn. This peptide affects transcription rate in reconstituted systems in vitro and in isolated nuclei; moreover, it inhibits the growth of HL60 cells with a parallel stimulus of differentiation.

Molecular models of small phosphorylated chromatin peptides. Structure-function relationship and regulatory activity on in vitro transcription and on cell growth and differentiation.

MIANO, Antonino;BRAMUCCI, Massimo;
1994

Abstract

We previously reported the isolation of low molecular weight phosphorylated peptides from the chromatin of several tissues. The chromatin peptides show a regulatory activity on DNA in vitro transcription and on cell growth and differentiation. In this paper, we report a molecular model of the native peptides designed according to the structural information obtained by means of biochemical and mass spectrometry analysis: pyroGlu-Ala-Gly-Glu-Asp-Ser(P)-Asp-Glu-Glu-Asn. This or very similar sequences are present in many transcription factors; on the basis of the structural model we presented and of related protein sequences, we have synthesized the peptide pyroGlu-Asp-Asp-Ser-Asp-Glu-Glu-Asn. This peptide affects transcription rate in reconstituted systems in vitro and in isolated nuclei; moreover, it inhibits the growth of HL60 cells with a parallel stimulus of differentiation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/203380
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