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|Titolo:||Rational Design, Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Bis(pyrimido[5,6,1-de]acridines) and Bis(pyrazolo[3,4,5-kl]acridine-5-carboxamides) as New Anticancer Agents|
|Autori interni:||ANTONINI, Ippolito|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY|
|Abstract:||The good results obtained with pyrimido[5,6,1-de]acridines 7 and with pyrazolo[3,4,5-kl]-acridinecarboxamides 8 prompted us to the synthesis of two new series of his acridine derivatives: the bis(pyrimidoacridines) 5 and the bis(pyrazoloacridinecarboxamides) 6. Compounds 5 can be regarded also as cyclized derivatives of bis(acridine-4-carboxamides) 3 and compounds 6 as cyclized derivatives of bis(acridine-4-carboxamides) 4. The noncovalent DNA-binding properties of these compounds have been examined using fluorometric techniques. The results indicate that (i) the target compounds are excellent DNA ligands; (ii) the his derivatives 5 and 6 are more DNA-affinic than corresponding monomers 7 and 8; (iii) the new bis 5 and 6 result always less efficient in binding than related bis(acridine-4-carboxamides) 3 and 4; and GO in both series 5 and 6 a clear, remarkable in some cases, preference for binding to AT rich duplexes can be noted. In vitro cytotoxic potency of these derivatives toward the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line (HT29) is described and compared to that of reference drugs. Structure- activity relationships are discussed. We could identify six very potent cytotoxic compounds for further in vitro studies: a cytotoxic screening against six human cancer cell lines and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) screening on 60 human tumor cell lines. Finally, compound 6a was selected for evaluation in a NCI in vivo hollow fiber assay.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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