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|Titolo:||Density and localization of calcium channels of the L-type in human pulmonary artery.|
|Autori interni:||AMENTA, Francesco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Rivista:||CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HYPERTENSION|
|Abstract:||The pharmacological profile and the anatomical localization of Ca2+ channels of the L-type were investigated in the human pulmonary artery to identify possible mechanisms involved in the regulation of the pulmonary vascular tone. Analysis was performed on slide-mounted frozen sections of human pulmonary artery using radioligand binding assay techniques associated with light microscope autoradiography. [3H]-Nicardipine was used as ligand. Human renal and right coronary arteries also were used as systemic reference arteries. Binding of [3H]-nicardipine to sections of human pulmonary artery was time-, temperature- and concentration-dependent, saturable and reversible. In the human pulmonary artery, the apparent equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) was 0.12+/-0.02 nM and the maximum density of binding sites (Bmax) was 38.15+/-2.25 fmol/mg tissue. Kd values were 0.3+/-0.01 nM and 0.5+/-0.02 in the human renal artery and right coronary artery respectively. Bmax values were 248+/-16 fmol/mg tissue and 173+/-9.5 fmol/mg tissue in the human renal artery and right coronary artery respectively. The pharmacological profile of [3H]-nicardipine binding to sections of human pulmonary artery was consistent with the labeling of Ca2+ channels of the L-type. It was similar in the pulmonary artery and in the human renal and right coronary arteries. Light microscope autoradiography revealed a high density of [3H]-nicardipine binding sites within smooth muscle of the tunica media of human pulmonary artery as well as of human renal and right coronary arteries. A lower accumulation of the radioligand occurred in the tunica adventitia. No specific binding was noticeable in the tunica intima. Our data suggest that human pulmonary artery expresses Ca2+ channels of the L-type sensitive to dihydropyridines. These sites have similar affinity and lower density than those expressed by systemic arteries. The presence of Ca2+ channels of the L-type in human pulmonary artery suggests that their pharmacological manipulation may be considered in the treatment of pulmonary hypertension.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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