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|Titolo:||Effect of lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis and of treatment with posatirelin on cholinergic neurotransmission enzymes in the rat cerebral cortex.|
|Autori interni:||AMENTA, Francesco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Rivista:||MECHANISMS OF AGEING AND DEVELOPMENT|
|Abstract:||The effect of 4 and 8 weeks of treatment with the thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), analogue posatirelin (L-6-ketopiperidine-2-carbonyl-L-leucyl-proline amide), on the changes of cholinergic neurotransmission enzymes, choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE), caused by lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM), was investigated in the rat frontal cortex. ChAT and AChE were demonstrated with immunohistochemical and histochemical techniques, respectively associated with image analysis and microdensitometry. Monolateral and bilateral lesions of NBM area caused a significant loss of ChAT-immunoreactive nerve cell bodies in the NBM, as well as a remarkable decrease of ChAT-immunoreactive fibres and of AChE reactivity in the frontal cortex ipsilateral to the lesion or of both sides, respectively. The number of ChAT-immunoreactive nerve cell bodies in the lesioned NBM was higher in posatirelin-treated rats for 8 weeks in comparison with control NBM-lesioned rats. Moreover, the compound increased the number of ChAT-immunoreactive fibres in the frontal cortex of monolaterally and bilaterally NBM-lesioned rats at 8 weeks after lesion, but was without effect on these fibres in sham-operated rats. The same is true for AChE reactivity, developed in the neuropil of the frontal cortex, which was restored in part by an 8-week treatment with posatirelin in NBM-lesioned rats. These findings suggest that treatment with posatirelin rescues cholinergic neurons of the NBM and cholinergic projections to the cerebral cortex affected by lesioning of the NBM. The functional relevance of these observations and their possible applications should be evaluated in future studies.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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