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|Titolo:||Influence of age L-type Ca2+ channels in the pulmonary artery and vein of spontaneously hypertensive rats|
|Autori interni:||AMENTA, Francesco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Rivista:||MECHANISMS OF AGEING AND DEVELOPMENT|
|Abstract:||The influence of age on the density and localization of L-type Ca2+ channels was studied during development of hypertension in the pulmonary artery and vein of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats by radioligand binding assay and light microscope autoradiography. SHR were examined at 6 weeks (juvenile, pre-hypertensive stage), 12 weeks (young, developing hypertension) and 24 weeks (mature, established hypertension). The dihydropyridine-type Ca2+ antagonist [3H]nicardipine was used as a radioligand. It was bound specifically to sections of rat pulmonary artery and vein. Dissociation constant (Kd) values were similar in WKY rats and SHR, whereas maximum density of binding sites (Bmax) values increased in SHR in comparison with WKY rats. This increase was noticeable from the pre-hypertensive phase. The pharmacological profile of [3H]nicardipine binding was similar in different age groups of either normotensive and hypertensive rats. Quantitative analysis of autoradiographs from SHR revealed a progressive increase of silver grains in smooth muscle of tunica media and to a lesser extent in the adventitia of pulmonary artery but not of pulmonary vein from pre-hypertensive stage to developing hypertension. No further changes were observed in established hypertension. The above data indicate that the density of L-type Ca2+ channels of pulmonary arteries is increased in SHR. This augmentation after the pre-hypertensive phase suggests the occurrence of dysregulation of Ca2+ handling in the pulmonary vasculature of developing SHR.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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