The Sasso Fratino Integral Nature Reserve (Italy) aims to protect nature and territory. Since no anthropic activities are allowed, it represents a good model to study the bacterial community of a wild environment. The aim of this work was to characterise the cultivable and the total bacterial community of soil samples from the reserve in terms of taxonomy, composition, and structure. Seven soil samples were collected at different altitudes, and the chemical composition, the total and the cultivable microbiota, and the antibiotic resistance profiles of isolates were investigated. Total bacterial communities, studied through Next Generation Sequences analysis, included 390 genera. Samples differed in terms of microbial composition basing on the different altitude/vegetation of collection points. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Analysis (RAPD) allowed to identify 82 haplotypes out of 158 bacterial isolates. The taxonomic identification through 16S rDNA sequencing revealed that the strains were affiliated to 21 genera. Antibiotic resistance profiles of bacteria were also investigated, highlighting a high resistance against streptomycin and kanamycin. This work represents the first description of the soil bacterial community from the Natural Reserve of Sasso Fratino, and it is the first study considering the soil microbiota of an Italian integral nature reserve.

Biodiversity of Soil Bacterial Communities from the Sasso Fratino Integral Nature Reserve

Alberto Vassallo;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The Sasso Fratino Integral Nature Reserve (Italy) aims to protect nature and territory. Since no anthropic activities are allowed, it represents a good model to study the bacterial community of a wild environment. The aim of this work was to characterise the cultivable and the total bacterial community of soil samples from the reserve in terms of taxonomy, composition, and structure. Seven soil samples were collected at different altitudes, and the chemical composition, the total and the cultivable microbiota, and the antibiotic resistance profiles of isolates were investigated. Total bacterial communities, studied through Next Generation Sequences analysis, included 390 genera. Samples differed in terms of microbial composition basing on the different altitude/vegetation of collection points. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Analysis (RAPD) allowed to identify 82 haplotypes out of 158 bacterial isolates. The taxonomic identification through 16S rDNA sequencing revealed that the strains were affiliated to 21 genera. Antibiotic resistance profiles of bacteria were also investigated, highlighting a high resistance against streptomycin and kanamycin. This work represents the first description of the soil bacterial community from the Natural Reserve of Sasso Fratino, and it is the first study considering the soil microbiota of an Italian integral nature reserve.
2021
262
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/471091
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