Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a significant public health concern, contributing to a myriad of social, psychological, and physiological issues. Despite substantial efforts within the alcohol research field, promising preclinical findings have failed to translate to clinical use, highlighting the necessity to develop safe and effective pharmacological probes with the ability to be used in preclinical and clinical research. Yohimbine, an alpha 2 adrenergic receptor antagonist, is a well-validated pharmacological tool that has been widely employed in alcohol studies to evaluate noradrenergic activation. This scoping systematic review examines published literature in rodent and human studies involving the use of yohimbine relevant to alcohol research. We conducted a systematic literature review of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL, PsycInfo, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify: (1) Experimental Characteristics and Methodology, (2) Sex Differences, (3) Neurochemical Systems and Brain Regions, and (4) Discussion of Applications for Medication Development. Sixty-seven (62 preclinical and 5 clinical) studies were identified meeting the stated criteria, comprising extensive evidence supporting the use of yohimbine as a safe, titratable pharmacological agent for translational alcohol research. Support for the use of yohimbine as a fully translational tool, however, is hindered by limited available findings from human laboratory studies, as well as a dearth of studies examining sex differences in yohimbine's mechanistic actions. Additional consideration should be given to further translational modeling, ideally allowing for parallel preclinical and clinical assessment of yohimbine, methodological assessment of neurochemical systems and brain regions.

Yohimbine as a pharmacological probe for alcohol research: a systematic review of rodent and human studies

Cannella, Nazzareno;Ciccocioppo, Roberto;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a significant public health concern, contributing to a myriad of social, psychological, and physiological issues. Despite substantial efforts within the alcohol research field, promising preclinical findings have failed to translate to clinical use, highlighting the necessity to develop safe and effective pharmacological probes with the ability to be used in preclinical and clinical research. Yohimbine, an alpha 2 adrenergic receptor antagonist, is a well-validated pharmacological tool that has been widely employed in alcohol studies to evaluate noradrenergic activation. This scoping systematic review examines published literature in rodent and human studies involving the use of yohimbine relevant to alcohol research. We conducted a systematic literature review of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL, PsycInfo, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify: (1) Experimental Characteristics and Methodology, (2) Sex Differences, (3) Neurochemical Systems and Brain Regions, and (4) Discussion of Applications for Medication Development. Sixty-seven (62 preclinical and 5 clinical) studies were identified meeting the stated criteria, comprising extensive evidence supporting the use of yohimbine as a safe, titratable pharmacological agent for translational alcohol research. Support for the use of yohimbine as a fully translational tool, however, is hindered by limited available findings from human laboratory studies, as well as a dearth of studies examining sex differences in yohimbine's mechanistic actions. Additional consideration should be given to further translational modeling, ideally allowing for parallel preclinical and clinical assessment of yohimbine, methodological assessment of neurochemical systems and brain regions.
2022
262
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/466754
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