Seismic isolation is considered an effective solution to protect buildings and related content from earthquakes, and consequently reduce seismic losses. However, the overall reliability levels achieved on these systems by following the design rules suggested by codes are not uniform and they may be strongly influenced by some choices made in the structural design. This study aims to investigate the seismic reliability of structural systems equipped with high-damping rubber bearings, which is a widely used class of isolators. An extensive parametric analysis is performed to assess the influence of design choices on the failure probability, considering design parameters concerning both the isolation system and the superstructure, such as: isolation period; bearings shear strain; percentage of flat sliders (i.e., bearing shape factors); superstructure overstrength ratio. A set of case studies have been configurated by varying and combining all the aforesaid parameters. A stochastic model is used for the bidirectional seismic input and the generation of horizontal ground motion components, whereas full probabilistic analyses are performed via Subset Simulation to achieve accurate estimates of the demand hazard curves up to very small failure probabilities. To reduce the computational effort, a 3D-model with a reduced number of DOFs (Degrees of Freedoms) is adopted for each case study. It consists of an uncoupled bidirectional elastoplastic model of the superstructure, and an advanced nonlinear 3D model of the rubber isolators, accounting for the coupling between vertical and horizontal response in large displacements. For each case analysed, demand hazard curves are evaluated to illustrate the probabilistic properties of the seismic response for both isolation system and superstructure. Results show a noticeable sensitivity of the system reliability with respect to the examined design choices and in some cases the achieved structural performance can be far from the safety levels required by the Codes.

Seismic reliability of base isolated systems: sensitivity to design choices

Micozzi F.;Scozzese F.
;
Dall'Asta A.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Seismic isolation is considered an effective solution to protect buildings and related content from earthquakes, and consequently reduce seismic losses. However, the overall reliability levels achieved on these systems by following the design rules suggested by codes are not uniform and they may be strongly influenced by some choices made in the structural design. This study aims to investigate the seismic reliability of structural systems equipped with high-damping rubber bearings, which is a widely used class of isolators. An extensive parametric analysis is performed to assess the influence of design choices on the failure probability, considering design parameters concerning both the isolation system and the superstructure, such as: isolation period; bearings shear strain; percentage of flat sliders (i.e., bearing shape factors); superstructure overstrength ratio. A set of case studies have been configurated by varying and combining all the aforesaid parameters. A stochastic model is used for the bidirectional seismic input and the generation of horizontal ground motion components, whereas full probabilistic analyses are performed via Subset Simulation to achieve accurate estimates of the demand hazard curves up to very small failure probabilities. To reduce the computational effort, a 3D-model with a reduced number of DOFs (Degrees of Freedoms) is adopted for each case study. It consists of an uncoupled bidirectional elastoplastic model of the superstructure, and an advanced nonlinear 3D model of the rubber isolators, accounting for the coupling between vertical and horizontal response in large displacements. For each case analysed, demand hazard curves are evaluated to illustrate the probabilistic properties of the seismic response for both isolation system and superstructure. Results show a noticeable sensitivity of the system reliability with respect to the examined design choices and in some cases the achieved structural performance can be far from the safety levels required by the Codes.
2022
262
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/460078
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