The presence of benzene and similar aromatic compounds in civil environments is due to anthropic actions but also to natural sources. Natural gas consists of a gas mixture where benzene and related compounds are usually presents. Thus, the detection of these compounds in natural gas pipelines is of the utmost importance as well as the control of the concentration level, which must remain below the limits consented by law. In this regard, it is of striking interest to engineer devices able to detect these compounds by automatic and continuous remote control. Here, we discuss the application of an optical device designed for the measurement of sulfured odorizing agents in natural gas pipelines aiming at the detection and the measurement of benzene, toluene, and xylenes (BTX) in the same contexts. The instrument consists of a customized UV spectrophotometer connected to an automatic control system able to provide in-field detections of BTX through a continuous and remote check of the gaseous mixture. Relatively to benzene, the instrument is characterized by values of LOD (level of detection) and LOQ (level of quantification) equal to 0.55 and 1.84 mg/Sm3, respectively. Similar limits are found for toluene and xylenes (LOD of 0.81, 1.05, 1.41, and 1.00 mg/Sm3 for toluene, meta-, ortho-, and para-xylene, respectively).

Automatic optical measurement and control of benzene and benzenoids in natural gas pipelines

Galassi R.
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The presence of benzene and similar aromatic compounds in civil environments is due to anthropic actions but also to natural sources. Natural gas consists of a gas mixture where benzene and related compounds are usually presents. Thus, the detection of these compounds in natural gas pipelines is of the utmost importance as well as the control of the concentration level, which must remain below the limits consented by law. In this regard, it is of striking interest to engineer devices able to detect these compounds by automatic and continuous remote control. Here, we discuss the application of an optical device designed for the measurement of sulfured odorizing agents in natural gas pipelines aiming at the detection and the measurement of benzene, toluene, and xylenes (BTX) in the same contexts. The instrument consists of a customized UV spectrophotometer connected to an automatic control system able to provide in-field detections of BTX through a continuous and remote check of the gaseous mixture. Relatively to benzene, the instrument is characterized by values of LOD (level of detection) and LOQ (level of quantification) equal to 0.55 and 1.84 mg/Sm3, respectively. Similar limits are found for toluene and xylenes (LOD of 0.81, 1.05, 1.41, and 1.00 mg/Sm3 for toluene, meta-, ortho-, and para-xylene, respectively).
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
sensors-21-07575.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Sensor
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Licenza: PUBBLICO - Creative Commons
Dimensione 5.89 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.89 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/455616
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact