In Europe, rainbow trout is one of the main fresh water fish farmed in a constantly developing environment that requires innovative studies to improve farm management, fish welfare and environmental sustainability. The aim of this paper is to investigate the trend of water quality parameters over 10 years, after a feeding strategy change from pellet to extruded feed. Methods: The study was conducted on a farm in central Italy, based on parallel raceways. The cycle started from young rainbow trout (90 2 g) that were grown until they reached market size. A water sample of 500 cm3 was collected monthly from 2009 to 2019 from the lagoon basin in order to investigate the trends of the total suspended solids (TSS), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrites (NO2-N), nitrates (NO3-N), total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), total phosphorus (TP) and pH. Results: All of the studied parameters (TSS, BOD5, COD, NO2-N, NO3-N, TAN and TP) showed a significant improvement from 2009 to 2019. The pH parameter did not display notable variation during the studied period. The feed conversion ratio (FCR) was also investigated and exhibited a significant improvement from 1.4 to 1.1. Conclusion: Based on the decrease of all the investigated parameters, it is possible to say that extrusion is currently an excellent processing feed technique in aquaculture with a good level of respect for the environment.
|Titolo:||Improvement of the Water Quality in Rainbow Trout Farming by Means of the Feeding Type and Management over 10 Years (2009-2019)|
FIORDELMONDO, ELISA (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|