Introduction: Purinergic P2X3-P2X2/3 receptors are placed in nociceptive neurons' strategic location and show unique desensitization properties; hence, they represent an attractive target for many pain-related diseases. Therefore, a broad interest from academic and pharmaceutical scientists has focused on the search for P2X3 and P2X2/3 receptor ligands and has led to the discovery of numerous new selective antagonists. Some of them have been studied in clinical trials for the treatment of pathological conditions such as bladder disorders, gastrointestinal and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.Areas covered: This review provides a summary of the patents concerning the discovery of P2X3 and/or P2X2/3 receptor antagonists published between 2015 and 2019 and their potential clinical use. Thus, the structures and biological data of the most representative molecules are reported.Expert opinion: The 2016 publication of the crystallographic structure of the human P2X3 receptor subtype gave an improvement of published patents in 2017. Hence, a great number of small molecules with dual antagonist activity on P2X3-P2X2/3 receptors, a favorable pharmacokinetic profile, and reasonable oral bioavailability was discovered. The most promising compounds are the phenoxy-diaminopyrimidines including gefapixant (AF-219), and the imidazo-pyridines like BLU-5937, which are in phase III and phase II clinical trials, respectively, for refractory chronic cough.

Update on novel purinergic P2X3 and P2X2/3 receptor antagonists and their potential therapeutic applications

Marucci, Gabriella;Dal Ben, Diego;Buccioni, Michela;Martí Navia, Aleix;Spinaci, Andrea;Volpini, Rosaria;Lambertucci, Catia
2019-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Purinergic P2X3-P2X2/3 receptors are placed in nociceptive neurons' strategic location and show unique desensitization properties; hence, they represent an attractive target for many pain-related diseases. Therefore, a broad interest from academic and pharmaceutical scientists has focused on the search for P2X3 and P2X2/3 receptor ligands and has led to the discovery of numerous new selective antagonists. Some of them have been studied in clinical trials for the treatment of pathological conditions such as bladder disorders, gastrointestinal and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.Areas covered: This review provides a summary of the patents concerning the discovery of P2X3 and/or P2X2/3 receptor antagonists published between 2015 and 2019 and their potential clinical use. Thus, the structures and biological data of the most representative molecules are reported.Expert opinion: The 2016 publication of the crystallographic structure of the human P2X3 receptor subtype gave an improvement of published patents in 2017. Hence, a great number of small molecules with dual antagonist activity on P2X3-P2X2/3 receptors, a favorable pharmacokinetic profile, and reasonable oral bioavailability was discovered. The most promising compounds are the phenoxy-diaminopyrimidines including gefapixant (AF-219), and the imidazo-pyridines like BLU-5937, which are in phase III and phase II clinical trials, respectively, for refractory chronic cough.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/435751
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