Marsh rosemary (Ledum palustre, Ericaceae) has been widely used in the traditional medicine of various regions worldwide, and as insect repellent. Little is known on its essential oil insecticidal potential. This study explored the insecticidal effects of the essential oil obtained from L. palustre growing in Poland on selected insect pests and vectors. GC-MS analysis evidenced an uncommon chemotype characterized by ascaridole (35.3% as sum of cis- ascaridole and isoascaridole) and p-cymene (25.5%). The essential oil was effective against Culex quinque- fasciatus, Spodoptera littoralis and Musca domestica, showing LC50/LD50 of 66.6 mg L−1, 117.2 μg larva−1 and 61.4 μg adult−1, respectively. It was not toxic to non-target Eisenia fetida earthworms and moderately toxic to Daphnia magna microcrustaceans, over the positive control α-cypermethrin. The essential oil cytotoxicity on human keratinocytes and fibroblasts showed high IC50 values (71.3 and 84.4 μg mL−1, respectively). Comet assay data highlighted no DNA damages. Based on our findings, this essential oil, characterized by the ascar- idole/p-cymene chemotype, could be a candidate for the formulation of botanical insecticides; large-scale pro- duction of green insecticides by this rare species may be assured by ex situ cultivation and biotechnological techniques.

Ascaridole-rich essential oil from marsh rosemary (Ledum palustre) growing in Poland exerts insecticidal activity on mosquitoes, moths and flies without serious effects on non-target organisms and human cells

K. Cianfaglione;L. Barboni;R. Petrelli;L. Zeppa;C. Aguzzi;F. Maggi
2020

Abstract

Marsh rosemary (Ledum palustre, Ericaceae) has been widely used in the traditional medicine of various regions worldwide, and as insect repellent. Little is known on its essential oil insecticidal potential. This study explored the insecticidal effects of the essential oil obtained from L. palustre growing in Poland on selected insect pests and vectors. GC-MS analysis evidenced an uncommon chemotype characterized by ascaridole (35.3% as sum of cis- ascaridole and isoascaridole) and p-cymene (25.5%). The essential oil was effective against Culex quinque- fasciatus, Spodoptera littoralis and Musca domestica, showing LC50/LD50 of 66.6 mg L−1, 117.2 μg larva−1 and 61.4 μg adult−1, respectively. It was not toxic to non-target Eisenia fetida earthworms and moderately toxic to Daphnia magna microcrustaceans, over the positive control α-cypermethrin. The essential oil cytotoxicity on human keratinocytes and fibroblasts showed high IC50 values (71.3 and 84.4 μg mL−1, respectively). Comet assay data highlighted no DNA damages. Based on our findings, this essential oil, characterized by the ascar- idole/p-cymene chemotype, could be a candidate for the formulation of botanical insecticides; large-scale pro- duction of green insecticides by this rare species may be assured by ex situ cultivation and biotechnological techniques.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/432325
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