After a 37 to 10°C temperature downshift the level of translation initiation factor IF2, like that of IF1 and IF3, increases at least 3-fold with respect to the ribosomes. To clarify the mechanisms and conditions leading to cold-stress induction of infB expression, the consequences of this temperature shift on infB (IF2) transcription, infB mRNA stability and translation were analysed. The Escherichia coli gene encoding IF2 is part of the metY-nusA-infB operon that contains three known promoters (P-1, P0 and P2) in addition to two promoters P3 and P4 identified in this study, the latter committed to the synthesis of a monocistronic mRNA encoding exclusively IF2. The results obtained indicate that the increased level of IF2 following cold stress depends on three mechanisms: (i) activation of all the promoters of the operon, P-1 being the most cold-responsive, as a likely consequence of the reduction of the ppGpp level that follows cold stress; (ii) a large increase in infB mRNA half-life and (iii) the cold-shock induced translational bias that ensures efficient translation of infB mRNA by the translational apparatus of cold shocked cells. A comparison of the mechanisms responsible for the cold shock induction of the three initiation factors is also presented.

Transcriptional and post-transcriptional events trigger de novo infB expression in cold stressed Escherichia coli

Brandi, Anna;Giangrossi, Mara;Spurio, Roberto;Giuliodori, Anna M;
2019-01-01

Abstract

After a 37 to 10°C temperature downshift the level of translation initiation factor IF2, like that of IF1 and IF3, increases at least 3-fold with respect to the ribosomes. To clarify the mechanisms and conditions leading to cold-stress induction of infB expression, the consequences of this temperature shift on infB (IF2) transcription, infB mRNA stability and translation were analysed. The Escherichia coli gene encoding IF2 is part of the metY-nusA-infB operon that contains three known promoters (P-1, P0 and P2) in addition to two promoters P3 and P4 identified in this study, the latter committed to the synthesis of a monocistronic mRNA encoding exclusively IF2. The results obtained indicate that the increased level of IF2 following cold stress depends on three mechanisms: (i) activation of all the promoters of the operon, P-1 being the most cold-responsive, as a likely consequence of the reduction of the ppGpp level that follows cold stress; (ii) a large increase in infB mRNA half-life and (iii) the cold-shock induced translational bias that ensures efficient translation of infB mRNA by the translational apparatus of cold shocked cells. A comparison of the mechanisms responsible for the cold shock induction of the three initiation factors is also presented.
2019
262
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/426034
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