This work assesses the impact of the stratigraphic and structural heterogeneities on the fluid distribution and migration within a deformed carbonate reservoir analogue. The study was carried out in the abandoned Roman Valley quarry (Majella Mountain, central Italy), well-known for its historical bitumen extraction. The studied rocks consist of ramp carbonates of the lower member of the Bolognano Formation (Oligocene-Miocene in age) mainly composed of grainstones, and secondary packstones and wackestones. In the quarry, the exposed rocks are crosscut by two high-angle oblique-slip faults striking WNW-ESE with up to 40 m of throw. With the aim of deciphering the contribution of both matrix and fracture pore space on the fluid storage and migration, both laboratory measurements and field-based Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) models (cubes with 4-m per side) have been carried out. The obtained dual-porosity/permeability model, which includes the lithological and the structural heterogeneities observed at the location, was used to run flow simulations under different scenarios of well locations. The fluid distribution in the matrix, resulting from these flow simulations, is consistent with field observations where bitumen localizes within the most permeable lithofacies (grainstones). In the fault zones, the fracture network causes an important fluid flow anisotropy, enhancing the flow in a direction subparallel to the faults. The flow orthogonal to the fault zones is controlled by type and lateral continuity of fault rocks, where fault breccias represent conduits and cataclasites localized barriers.

From fracture analysis to flow simulations in fractured carbonates: The case study of the Roman Valley Quarry (Majella Mountain, Italy)

VOLATILI, TIZIANO;Zambrano, M.;Vittori, S.;Tondi, E.
2019-01-01

Abstract

This work assesses the impact of the stratigraphic and structural heterogeneities on the fluid distribution and migration within a deformed carbonate reservoir analogue. The study was carried out in the abandoned Roman Valley quarry (Majella Mountain, central Italy), well-known for its historical bitumen extraction. The studied rocks consist of ramp carbonates of the lower member of the Bolognano Formation (Oligocene-Miocene in age) mainly composed of grainstones, and secondary packstones and wackestones. In the quarry, the exposed rocks are crosscut by two high-angle oblique-slip faults striking WNW-ESE with up to 40 m of throw. With the aim of deciphering the contribution of both matrix and fracture pore space on the fluid storage and migration, both laboratory measurements and field-based Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) models (cubes with 4-m per side) have been carried out. The obtained dual-porosity/permeability model, which includes the lithological and the structural heterogeneities observed at the location, was used to run flow simulations under different scenarios of well locations. The fluid distribution in the matrix, resulting from these flow simulations, is consistent with field observations where bitumen localizes within the most permeable lithofacies (grainstones). In the fault zones, the fracture network causes an important fluid flow anisotropy, enhancing the flow in a direction subparallel to the faults. The flow orthogonal to the fault zones is controlled by type and lateral continuity of fault rocks, where fault breccias represent conduits and cataclasites localized barriers.
2019
262
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Volatili et al 2019.pdf

solo gestori di archivio

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 6.59 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.59 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/422650
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 28
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 26
social impact