In Euplotes raikovi, we have determined the full-length sequences of a family of macronuclear genes that are the transcriptionally active versions of codominant alleles inherited at the mating-type (mat) locus of the micronuclear genome, and encode cell type-distinctive signaling pheromones. These genes include a 225-231-bp coding region flanked by a conserved 544-bp 5'-leader region and a more variable 3'-trailer region. Two transcription initiation start sites and two polyadenylation sites associated with nonconventional signals cooperate with a splicing phenomenon of a 326-bp intron residing in the 5'-leader region in the generation of multiple transcripts from the same gene. In two of them, the synthesis of functional products depends on the reassignment to a sense codon, or readthrough of a strictly conserved leaky UAG stop codon. That this reassignment may take place is suggested by the position this codon occupies in the transcripts, close to the transcript extremity and far from the poly(A) tail. In such a case, one product is a 69-amino acid protein in search of function and the second product is a 126-amino acid protein that represents a membrane-bound pheromone isoform candidate to function as a cell type-specific binding site (receptor) of the soluble pheromones.
|Titolo:||The Sub-Chromosomic Macronuclear Pheromone Genes of the Ciliate Euplotes raikovi: Comparative Structural Analysis and Insights into the Mechanism of Expression|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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