Phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of the Tunisian plant Daucus virgatus led to the isolation of eight new germacranolides named daucovirgolides A-H (1-8). The stereostructures of these sesquiterpene lactones, decorated by either one or two angeloyl groups, have been determined by a combination of MS, NMR spectroscopy, chemical derivatization, and comparison of experimental electronic circular dichroism curves with TDDFT-predicted data. Daucovirgolide G (7) proved to be the single member of this family to possess a marked inhibitory activity (92% at 50 μg/mL) on the development of Plasmodium early sporogonic stages, the nonpathogenic transmissible stages of malaria parasites, devoid of general cytotoxicity. The selective activity of daucovirgolide G points to the existence of strict structural requirements for this transmission-blocking activity and therefore of a well-defined, although yet unidentified, biological target.
|Titolo:||Angeloylated Germacranolides from Daucus virgatus and Their Plasmodium Transmission Blocking Activity|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|