Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants (Amaranthaceae) and Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth. (Rutaceae) are two aromatic species traditionally used in Cameroon to repel and kill insects. The present work was carried out to substantiate this traditional use and to evaluate the possible incorporation in commercial botanical insecticides of their essential oils (EOs). The EOs were distilled from leaves of C. anisata and aerial parts of D. ambrosioides and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The insecticidal activity of both EOs was investigated against the filariasis vector, Culex quinquefasciatus and the housefly, Musca domestica. As possible mode of action, the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by the two EOs was investigated as well. The D. ambrosioides EO was characterized by the monoterpene peroxide ascaridole (61.4%) and the aromatic p-cymene (29.0%), whereas the C. anisata EO was dominated by the phenylpropanoids (E)-anethole (64.6%) and (E)-methyl isoeugenol (16.1%). The C. anisata EO proved to be very toxic to 3rd instar larvae of C. quinquefasciatus showing LC50 of 29.3 l/l, whereas D. ambrosioides EO was more toxic to adults of M. domestica showing a LD50 of 51.7g/adult. The mixture of both EOs showed a significant synergistic effect against mosquito larvae with LC50 estimated as 19.3 l/l, whereas this phenomenon was not observed upon application to M. domestica adults (LD50 = 75.9g/adult). Of the two EOs, the D. ambrosioides one provided a good inhibition of AChE (IC50 = 77 g/ml), whereas C. anisata oil was not effective. These findings provide new evidences supporting the ethnobotanical use of these two Cameroonian plants, and their possible application even in synergistic binary blends, to develop new eco-friendly, safe and effective herbal insecticides.
|Titolo:||Clausena anisata and Dysphania ambrosioides essential oils: from ethno-medicine to modern uses as effective insecticides|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|