Increased food intake, reduced physical activity and altered metabolic processes are the variables that affect energy balance inducing obesity. Obesity is now considered an increasingly medical challenge. Actually, the prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically worldwide over the last decades and has now reached epidemic proportions. On the other hand, obesity is associated with the development of chronic diseases such as cerebrovascular disease promoting the cognitive decline. Caloric-dense diet induced obesity (DIO), provides a useful animal model sharing several common features with human obesity. DIO rats of 7 weeks of age are expose to high fat (45 %) diet ad libitum and after 5 weeks the obese phenotype starts to be develop. To clarify the possible relationships between obesity and nervous system changes, DIO rats were studied after 5 weeks or 17 weeks of hypercaloric diet compared to the control rats with not fat diet (Chow). Memory performance were measured using different cognitive tests. Moreover, ultrasonographic (US) and computed tomography (CT) evaluations were performed to detect adipose tissue changes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to highlight brain morphological alterations was used. Morphological changes of brain areas (frontal cortex, hippocampus) were evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis. The results confirmed the developed of obesity after 5 weeks of fat diet. At long-term (17 weeks) high fat diet exposure, rats increased significantly their body weight in comparison to the control group and the youngest DIO rats. The US and CT analysis indicated an increase of deposition of visceral but not subcutaneous adipose tissue and evidences of hepatic steatosis in the older DIO rats. MRI images did not show vascular and morphological alterations injury in brain. Instead, immuhistochemical and immunochemical analysis, revealed an increase expression of glial-fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the older DIO rats compared to the age- matched Chow rats both in frontal cortex and in hippocampus. These preliminary findings indicate that the development of obesity, not determined gross anatomy alteration in brain, but the occurrence of injury is characterized by astrogliosis. The identification of neurodegenerative changes in DIO may represent the first insight to better characterize the neuronal involvement in obesity.

Oxidative Related to Obesity: Resultsin Plasma and Brain Areas of Obese Zucker Rats

TOMASSONI, Daniele;TAYEBATI, Seyed Khosrow;MARTINELLI, ILENIA;MORUZZI, MICHELE;AMENTA, Francesco
2016

Abstract

Increased food intake, reduced physical activity and altered metabolic processes are the variables that affect energy balance inducing obesity. Obesity is now considered an increasingly medical challenge. Actually, the prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically worldwide over the last decades and has now reached epidemic proportions. On the other hand, obesity is associated with the development of chronic diseases such as cerebrovascular disease promoting the cognitive decline. Caloric-dense diet induced obesity (DIO), provides a useful animal model sharing several common features with human obesity. DIO rats of 7 weeks of age are expose to high fat (45 %) diet ad libitum and after 5 weeks the obese phenotype starts to be develop. To clarify the possible relationships between obesity and nervous system changes, DIO rats were studied after 5 weeks or 17 weeks of hypercaloric diet compared to the control rats with not fat diet (Chow). Memory performance were measured using different cognitive tests. Moreover, ultrasonographic (US) and computed tomography (CT) evaluations were performed to detect adipose tissue changes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to highlight brain morphological alterations was used. Morphological changes of brain areas (frontal cortex, hippocampus) were evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis. The results confirmed the developed of obesity after 5 weeks of fat diet. At long-term (17 weeks) high fat diet exposure, rats increased significantly their body weight in comparison to the control group and the youngest DIO rats. The US and CT analysis indicated an increase of deposition of visceral but not subcutaneous adipose tissue and evidences of hepatic steatosis in the older DIO rats. MRI images did not show vascular and morphological alterations injury in brain. Instead, immuhistochemical and immunochemical analysis, revealed an increase expression of glial-fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the older DIO rats compared to the age- matched Chow rats both in frontal cortex and in hippocampus. These preliminary findings indicate that the development of obesity, not determined gross anatomy alteration in brain, but the occurrence of injury is characterized by astrogliosis. The identification of neurodegenerative changes in DIO may represent the first insight to better characterize the neuronal involvement in obesity.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/403126
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact