PPARγ is one of the three isoforms of the Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPARs). PPARγ is activated by thiazolidinediones such as pioglitazone, and it is targeted to treat insulin resistance. PPARγ is densely expressed in brain areas involved in regulation of motivational and emotional processes.Here, we investigated the role of PPARγ in the brain and explored its role in anxiety and stress responses in mice. The results show that stimulation of PPARγ by pioglitazone did not affect basal anxiety but fully prevented the anxiogenic effect of acute stress. Using mice with genetic ablation of neuronal PPARγ (PPARγ(NestinCre)), we demonstrated that a lack of receptors, specifically in neurons, exacerbated basal anxiety and enhanced stress sensitivity. The administration of GW9662, a selective PPARγ antagonist, elicited a marked anxiogenic response in PPARγ wild-type (Wt) but not in PPARγ(NestinCre) KO mice. Using c-Fos immunohistochemistry we observed that acute stress exposure resulted in a different pattern of neuronal activation in the amygdala and the hippocampus of PPARγ(NestinCre) KO mice compared with Wt mice. No differences were found between Wt and KO mice in hypothalamic regions responsible for hormonal response to stress, nor in blood corticosterone levels. Microinjection of pioglitazone, into the amygdala but not into the hippocampus abolished the anxiogenic response elicited by acute stress. Results also showed that in both regions PPARγ co-localizes with GABAergic cells. These findings demonstrate that neuronal PPARγ is involved the regulation of the stress response, and that the amygdala is a key substrate for the anxiolytic effect of PPARγ.
|Titolo:||Genetic deletion of neuronal PPARγ enhances the emotional response to acute stress and exacerbates anxiety: An effect reversed by rescue of amygdala PPARγ function|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|