Ferula communis is a showy herbaceous plant typical of the Mediterranean area where it is used as a traditional medicine. In Italy most of phytochemical studies focused on Sardinian populations, while investigations on peninsular populations are scarce. In this work we report the chemical characterization of the essential oils obtained from different parts of F. communis growing in central Italy. The chemical profiles of the plant parts, as detected by GC-FID and GC-MS, were different each other and from those reported in insular populations. Notably, α-pinene (10,5%), γ-terpinene (7.6%) and hedycariol (8.4%) were the major volatile constituents in flowers; α-pinene (55.9%), β-pinene (16.8%) and myrcene (5.9%) in fruits; β-eudesmol (12.1%), α-eudesmol (12.1%) and hedycariol (10.3%) in leaves; (E)-β-farnesene (9.5%), β-cubebene (8.2%) and (E)-caryophyllene (7.2%) in roots. The volatile profiles detected did not allow to classify the investigated central Italy population into the poisonous and nonpoisonous chemotypes previously described in Sardinia.
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|Titolo:||Chemical analysis of essential oils from different parts of Ferula communis L. growing in central Italy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|