Bedding-parallel stylolites typically represent the product of chemical compaction (overburden weight-induced pressure solution) experienced by carbonate successions during their burial history, when bedding is still horizontal. Due to their common occurrence in carbonate rocks, with lateral extents that can exceed 1 km, bedding-parallel stylolites are of special interest for the hydrocarbon industry because they may affect the regional fluid flow in the subsurface. Aimed at assessing the development and distribution of bedding-parallel stylolites in peritidal, platform limestone successions, field and laboratory studies were carried out on Cretaceous peritidal limestones originally pertaining to the Apulian Carbonate Platform realm and now exposed in three distinct Italian locations: Maiella Mountain, Gargano Promontory and Murge Plateau. Results point to a prominent role played by the geological characteristics of limestones on development and localization of bedding-parallel stylolites within peritidal limestone successions. In particular, bedding-parallel lamination and fine rock grain size, co-occurring in stromatolitic limestones, determined there laterally more extensive and closely spaced stylolites than in the associated calcilutites and calcarenites. Large fenestral pores, which are ubiquitous in stromatolitic limestones, represent rock heterogeneities able to influence the roughness of individual stylolites. Permeability laboratory experiments revealed that occurrence of bedding-parallel stylolites improves the overall rock permeability. Where preferentially localized (stromatolitic layers), such structural features may therefore represent pathways for fluid flow through low-permeability, peritidal limestone successions in the subsurface.
|Titolo:||Bedding-parallel stylolites in shallow-water limestone successions of the Apulian Carbonate Platform (central-southern Italy)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|