The virF gene of Shigella, responsible for triggering the virulence cascade in this pathogenic bacterium, is transcriptionally repressed by the nucleoid-associated protein H-NS. The primary binding sites of H-NS within the promoter region of virF have been detected here by footprinting experiments in the presence of H-NS or its monomeric DNA-binding domain (H-NSctd), which displays the same specificity as intact H-NS. Of the 14 short DNA fragments identified, 10 overlap sequences similar to the H-NS binding motif. The 'fast', 'intermediate' and 'slow' H-NS binding events leading to the formation of the nucleoprotein complex responsible for transcription repression have been determined by time-resolved hydroxyl radical footprinting experiments in the presence of full-length H-NS. We demonstrate that this process is completed in ≤1 s and H-NS protections occur simultaneously on site I and site II of the virF promoter. Furthermore, all 'fast' protections have been identified in regions containing predicted H-NS binding motifs, in agreement with the hypothesis that H-NS nucleoprotein complex assembles from a few nucleation sites containing high-affinity binding sequences. Finally, data are presented showing that the 22-bp fragment corresponding to one of the HNS binding sites deviates from canonical B-DNA structure at three TpA steps.

Time-resolved assembly of a nucleoprotein complex between Shigella flexneri virF promoter and its transcriptional repressor H-NS.

ULISSI, Ulisse;FABBRETTI, Attilio;GIULIODORI, Anna Maria;SPURIO, Roberto
2014-01-01

Abstract

The virF gene of Shigella, responsible for triggering the virulence cascade in this pathogenic bacterium, is transcriptionally repressed by the nucleoid-associated protein H-NS. The primary binding sites of H-NS within the promoter region of virF have been detected here by footprinting experiments in the presence of H-NS or its monomeric DNA-binding domain (H-NSctd), which displays the same specificity as intact H-NS. Of the 14 short DNA fragments identified, 10 overlap sequences similar to the H-NS binding motif. The 'fast', 'intermediate' and 'slow' H-NS binding events leading to the formation of the nucleoprotein complex responsible for transcription repression have been determined by time-resolved hydroxyl radical footprinting experiments in the presence of full-length H-NS. We demonstrate that this process is completed in ≤1 s and H-NS protections occur simultaneously on site I and site II of the virF promoter. Furthermore, all 'fast' protections have been identified in regions containing predicted H-NS binding motifs, in agreement with the hypothesis that H-NS nucleoprotein complex assembles from a few nucleation sites containing high-affinity binding sequences. Finally, data are presented showing that the 22-bp fragment corresponding to one of the HNS binding sites deviates from canonical B-DNA structure at three TpA steps.
2014
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/360791
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact