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|Titolo:||Polaron Crossover in Molecular Solids|
|Autori interni:||ZOLI, Marco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONDENSED MATTER|
|Abstract:||An analytical variational method is applied to the molecular Holstein Hamiltonian in which the dispersive features of the dimension dependent phonon spectrum are taken into account by a force constant approach. The crossover between a large and a small size polaron is monitored, in one, two and three dimensions and for different values of the adiabatic parameter, through the behaviour of the effective mass as a function of the electron–phonon coupling. By increasing the strength of the intermolecular forces the crossover becomes smoother and occurs at higher e–ph couplings. These effects are more evident in three dimensions. We show that our modified Lang–Firsov method starts to capture the occurrence of a polaron self-trapping transition when the electron energies become of order of the phonon energies. The self-trapping event persists in the fully adiabatic regime. At the crossover we estimate polaron effective masses of order about 5–40 times the bare band mass according to the dimensionality and the value of the adiabatic parameter. Modified Lang–Firsov polaron masses are substantially reduced in two and three dimensions. There is no self-trapping in the antiadiabatic regime.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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