The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a delivery system comprising a thermosensitive gel for the sustained release of steroidal hormones in fish, over an extended period of time after a single intramuscular (i.m.) injection and for the improved reproductive development in fish. Controlled delivery systems based on thermosensitive gels are easy to prepare, low cost and high versatility dosage forms, which have been shown to be effective in several animal species for sustained release of hormones. In this work, a thermosensitive gel system based on poloxamer 407 in water:ethanol medium, able to work as a prolonged release carrier for 17beta-estradiol (E2), has been developed. Such a system was able to solubilize the lipophilic E2 and to gel at the required water temperature for fish rearing (20°C). Moreover, the system exhibited the best injection condition at temperatures below 15°C when the system behaved as a low viscosity Newtonian liquid. The thermosensitive gel system was tested in vivo in the fish model, Carassius auratus, and the results compared with a single i.m. injection of E2 dissolved in corn-oil and other relevant control systems not containing E2. The results were particularly interesting, since fish injected with the E2 thermosensitive gel formulation, showed significantly higher levels of the circulating hormone than corn oil-E2 treated animals at 72 and 96 h after injection. In addition, the thermogel system was able to sustain the plasma level of E2 for about 11 days. The increased plasma levels of E2 were also accompanied by maintained higher values of plasma vitellogenin (VTG), thus suggesting that the thermosensitive polymer based delivery system could prevent rapid hepatic clearance of E2, resulting in prolonged stimulation of estrogen receptor-mediated pathways in goldfish.

Evaluation of thermosensitive poloxamer 407 gel systems for the sustained release of estradiol in a fish model.

CESPI, MARCO;BONACUCINA, Giulia;PUCCIARELLI, Stefania;COCCI, PAOLO;PALMIERI, Giovanni Filippo;PALERMO, Francesco Alessandro;MOSCONI, Gilberto
2014

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a delivery system comprising a thermosensitive gel for the sustained release of steroidal hormones in fish, over an extended period of time after a single intramuscular (i.m.) injection and for the improved reproductive development in fish. Controlled delivery systems based on thermosensitive gels are easy to prepare, low cost and high versatility dosage forms, which have been shown to be effective in several animal species for sustained release of hormones. In this work, a thermosensitive gel system based on poloxamer 407 in water:ethanol medium, able to work as a prolonged release carrier for 17beta-estradiol (E2), has been developed. Such a system was able to solubilize the lipophilic E2 and to gel at the required water temperature for fish rearing (20°C). Moreover, the system exhibited the best injection condition at temperatures below 15°C when the system behaved as a low viscosity Newtonian liquid. The thermosensitive gel system was tested in vivo in the fish model, Carassius auratus, and the results compared with a single i.m. injection of E2 dissolved in corn-oil and other relevant control systems not containing E2. The results were particularly interesting, since fish injected with the E2 thermosensitive gel formulation, showed significantly higher levels of the circulating hormone than corn oil-E2 treated animals at 72 and 96 h after injection. In addition, the thermogel system was able to sustain the plasma level of E2 for about 11 days. The increased plasma levels of E2 were also accompanied by maintained higher values of plasma vitellogenin (VTG), thus suggesting that the thermosensitive polymer based delivery system could prevent rapid hepatic clearance of E2, resulting in prolonged stimulation of estrogen receptor-mediated pathways in goldfish.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/335789
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