Choline (Ch) is involved in relevant neurochemical processes. It is the precursor and metabolite of acetylcholine (ACh). It plays a role in single-carbon metabolism and is an essential component of different membrane phospholipids (PLs). These PLs are structural components of cell membranes, and involved in intraneuronal signal transduction. An increased ACh release was found after Ch treatment in rat corpus striatum slices. An in vivo proton magnetic resonance study has analyzed Ch ingestion effect. This work which represents the first non invasive study for exploring in vivo human brain neurochemistry showed the transfer of an oral Ch load in the brain of normal volunteers. These results were not confirmed by other in vivo studies. Cellular membranes breakdown is suggested as a feature of neurodegeneration in acute (stroke) and chronic (Alzheimer’s and vascular dementias) brain disorders. The effects of exogenous CCPLs on different brain areas were largely studied. Our group has assessed the influence of treatment with the CCPL, choline alphoscerate (GPC) on brain cholinergic neurotransmission markers in an animal model of brain vascular injury. A neuroprotective effect of GPC alone or in association with acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, galantamine was found. These results suggest that GPC could stimulate the expression of vesicular ACh transporter and Ch transporter primarily in areas involved in cognitive processes. These cholinergic markers could represent an appropriate mean to investigate brain cholinergic pathways. In the lack of novel therapeutic strategies, safe compounds developed since a long time such as the CCPLs could have still a place in pharmacotherapy and would merit to be investigated by new clinical studies.

Choline - containing phospholipids on brain functional pathways

TAYEBATI, Seyed Khosrow
2012

Abstract

Choline (Ch) is involved in relevant neurochemical processes. It is the precursor and metabolite of acetylcholine (ACh). It plays a role in single-carbon metabolism and is an essential component of different membrane phospholipids (PLs). These PLs are structural components of cell membranes, and involved in intraneuronal signal transduction. An increased ACh release was found after Ch treatment in rat corpus striatum slices. An in vivo proton magnetic resonance study has analyzed Ch ingestion effect. This work which represents the first non invasive study for exploring in vivo human brain neurochemistry showed the transfer of an oral Ch load in the brain of normal volunteers. These results were not confirmed by other in vivo studies. Cellular membranes breakdown is suggested as a feature of neurodegeneration in acute (stroke) and chronic (Alzheimer’s and vascular dementias) brain disorders. The effects of exogenous CCPLs on different brain areas were largely studied. Our group has assessed the influence of treatment with the CCPL, choline alphoscerate (GPC) on brain cholinergic neurotransmission markers in an animal model of brain vascular injury. A neuroprotective effect of GPC alone or in association with acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, galantamine was found. These results suggest that GPC could stimulate the expression of vesicular ACh transporter and Ch transporter primarily in areas involved in cognitive processes. These cholinergic markers could represent an appropriate mean to investigate brain cholinergic pathways. In the lack of novel therapeutic strategies, safe compounds developed since a long time such as the CCPLs could have still a place in pharmacotherapy and would merit to be investigated by new clinical studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/332981
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