We present theoretical and experimental studies of the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates in a one-dimensional optical lattice and a three-dimensional harmonic trap. For low atom densities and inertial forces, the condensate performs regular Bloch oscillations, and its center-of-mass motion closely follows semiclassical single-particle trajectories, shaped by the lowest-energy band. But in other regimes, the center-of-mass motion disrupts the internal structure of the condensate by generating solitons and vortex rings, which can trigger explosive expansion of the atom cloud. We use images of the atom cloud to provide experimental evidence for this internal disruption, and find that the process occurs most readily in high-density condensates undergoing slow Bloch oscillations.

Transport and disruption of Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices

MALOSSI, Nicola;
2004

Abstract

We present theoretical and experimental studies of the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates in a one-dimensional optical lattice and a three-dimensional harmonic trap. For low atom densities and inertial forces, the condensate performs regular Bloch oscillations, and its center-of-mass motion closely follows semiclassical single-particle trajectories, shaped by the lowest-energy band. But in other regimes, the center-of-mass motion disrupts the internal structure of the condensate by generating solitons and vortex rings, which can trigger explosive expansion of the atom cloud. We use images of the atom cloud to provide experimental evidence for this internal disruption, and find that the process occurs most readily in high-density condensates undergoing slow Bloch oscillations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/287017
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