The first synthesis of triacontan-11-ol, a new fatty alcohol isolated from Argemone mexicana, has been realized starting from the nitroaldol reaction of 1-nitroicosane with decanal. Dehydration of the obtained nitroalkanol gives a long-chain nitroalkene which is then reduced to the corresponding nitroalkane. Nef transformation of the latter produces a ketone that is easily reduced to the fatty alcohol 9 in 21% overall yield.
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