Neuropeptide gamma (NP gamma) is a 21 aminoacid peptide belonging to the tachykinin (TK) family and including neurokinin A (NKA) in its C-terminal sequence. NP gamma possesses higher affinity than NKA for central NK-2 receptors; it shows lower affinity for NK-1 receptors, however, it potently stimulates salivary secretion, which is mediated by NK-1 receptor activation. Pulse intracerebroventricular (pICV) injection of TKs selectively inhibits water intake in rats. Our studies have suggested that NK-1 receptors may mediate the inhibition of angiotensin II-induced drinking, while NK-2 receptors that of drinking induced by cell dehydration. The present study evaluated the effect of pICV injections of NP gamma on water intake in rats. The injection of NP gamma, 8-250 ng/rat, markedly inhibited angiotensin II-induced drinking, and its effect was blocked by the NK-1 receptor antagonist WIN 62577. NP gamma potently inhibited also drinking induced by SC hypertonic NaCl load or water deprivation. The threshold dose for these effects was 31 ng/rat. Also carbachol-induced drinking was inhibited, but at higher doses. On the other hand, NP gamma did not modify food intake in food deprived rats or 0.1% saccharin intake in water and food sated rats, at the same doses effective on drinking. Present findings support the idea that TKs selectively inhibit water intake in rats and are in keeping with our hypothesis that NK-1 and NK-2 receptors mediate, respectively, inhibition of angiotensin II- and cell dehydration-induced drinking.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Neuropeptide gamma: a mammalian tachykinin endowed with potent antidipsogenic action in rats.

POLIDORI, Carlo;PERFUMI, Marina Cecilia;
1995

Abstract

Neuropeptide gamma (NP gamma) is a 21 aminoacid peptide belonging to the tachykinin (TK) family and including neurokinin A (NKA) in its C-terminal sequence. NP gamma possesses higher affinity than NKA for central NK-2 receptors; it shows lower affinity for NK-1 receptors, however, it potently stimulates salivary secretion, which is mediated by NK-1 receptor activation. Pulse intracerebroventricular (pICV) injection of TKs selectively inhibits water intake in rats. Our studies have suggested that NK-1 receptors may mediate the inhibition of angiotensin II-induced drinking, while NK-2 receptors that of drinking induced by cell dehydration. The present study evaluated the effect of pICV injections of NP gamma on water intake in rats. The injection of NP gamma, 8-250 ng/rat, markedly inhibited angiotensin II-induced drinking, and its effect was blocked by the NK-1 receptor antagonist WIN 62577. NP gamma potently inhibited also drinking induced by SC hypertonic NaCl load or water deprivation. The threshold dose for these effects was 31 ng/rat. Also carbachol-induced drinking was inhibited, but at higher doses. On the other hand, NP gamma did not modify food intake in food deprived rats or 0.1% saccharin intake in water and food sated rats, at the same doses effective on drinking. Present findings support the idea that TKs selectively inhibit water intake in rats and are in keeping with our hypothesis that NK-1 and NK-2 receptors mediate, respectively, inhibition of angiotensin II- and cell dehydration-induced drinking.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/242194
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