A series of new 2-alkynyl and 2-cycloalkynyl derivatives of adenosine-5’-N-ethyluronamid(NECA) and of N-ethyl-l’-deoxy-l’-(6-amino-2-hexynyl-9H-purin-9-yl)-b-D-ribofuranuronamid(1e, HENECA), bearing hydroxy, amino, chloro, and cyano groups in the side chain, were synthesized. The compounds were studied in binding and functional assays to assess their potency for the A2 compared to A1 adenosine receptor. The presence of an a-hydroxyl group in the alkynyl chain of NECA derivatives accounts for the A2 agonist potency, leading to compounds endowed with sub-nanomolar affinity in binding studies. However, these analogues also possess good A1 receptor affinity resulting in low A2 selectivity. From functional experiments the 4-hydroxy-l-butynyl(6) and the 4-(2-tetrahydro-2H-pyranyloxy)-l-butynyl (16) derivatives appear to be very potent in inducing vasorelaxation without appreciable effect on heart rate. The new compounds were also tested as inhibitors of platelet aggregation induced by ADP. Introduction of an a-hydroxyl group in the alkynyl side chain caused a greater increase in antiaggregatory activity than either NECA or HE-NECA, resulting in the most potent inhibitors of platelet aggregation so far known in the nucleoside series. The presence of an a-quaternary carbon such as the 3-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-1-hexynyl (12) and the 3-hydroxy-3-phenyl-1-butynyl(1 5) derivatives markedly reduced the antiaggregatory potency without affecting the A2 affinity. The hydrophobicity index (k’) of the new nucleosides barely correlated with the binding data, whereas high k’ values were associated with increased A2 vs A1 selectivity but with reduced activity in all unctional assays. Some of the compounds synthesized possess interesting pharmacological properties. Compounds having an appropriate balance between vasorelaxation and antiplatelet activity, if confirmed in vivo, deserve further development for the treatments of cardiovascular disorders.

2-Alkynyl derivatives of Adenosine-5'-N-ethyluronamide (NECA): selective A2 adenosine receptor agonists with potent inhibitory activity on Platelet aggregation

CRISTALLI, Gloria;VOLPINI, Rosaria;VITTORI, Sauro;
1994

Abstract

A series of new 2-alkynyl and 2-cycloalkynyl derivatives of adenosine-5’-N-ethyluronamid(NECA) and of N-ethyl-l’-deoxy-l’-(6-amino-2-hexynyl-9H-purin-9-yl)-b-D-ribofuranuronamid(1e, HENECA), bearing hydroxy, amino, chloro, and cyano groups in the side chain, were synthesized. The compounds were studied in binding and functional assays to assess their potency for the A2 compared to A1 adenosine receptor. The presence of an a-hydroxyl group in the alkynyl chain of NECA derivatives accounts for the A2 agonist potency, leading to compounds endowed with sub-nanomolar affinity in binding studies. However, these analogues also possess good A1 receptor affinity resulting in low A2 selectivity. From functional experiments the 4-hydroxy-l-butynyl(6) and the 4-(2-tetrahydro-2H-pyranyloxy)-l-butynyl (16) derivatives appear to be very potent in inducing vasorelaxation without appreciable effect on heart rate. The new compounds were also tested as inhibitors of platelet aggregation induced by ADP. Introduction of an a-hydroxyl group in the alkynyl side chain caused a greater increase in antiaggregatory activity than either NECA or HE-NECA, resulting in the most potent inhibitors of platelet aggregation so far known in the nucleoside series. The presence of an a-quaternary carbon such as the 3-hydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-1-hexynyl (12) and the 3-hydroxy-3-phenyl-1-butynyl(1 5) derivatives markedly reduced the antiaggregatory potency without affecting the A2 affinity. The hydrophobicity index (k’) of the new nucleosides barely correlated with the binding data, whereas high k’ values were associated with increased A2 vs A1 selectivity but with reduced activity in all unctional assays. Some of the compounds synthesized possess interesting pharmacological properties. Compounds having an appropriate balance between vasorelaxation and antiplatelet activity, if confirmed in vivo, deserve further development for the treatments of cardiovascular disorders.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/241448
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