This work reports a detailed investigation of the local structure and chemical disorder of a Pt(3 +/-delta)Co thin film and Pt(3 +/-delta)Co nanoparticles. We have used a combination of techniques including x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM). High-quality XAS spectra at the Co K edge and Pt L(3) edge have been analyzed using double-edge multiple-scattering data analysis. Structural extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) refinements have been performed accounting for the reduction of the coordination numbers and degeneracy of three-atom configurations, resulting from the measured size distribution and stoichiometry. The important effect of chemical ordering on pair and three-atom configurations has been studied using computer simulations based on a simple model accounting for substitutional disorder, defined by an order parameter s. It has been found that individual EXAFS signals related to the minority species (Co) are extremely sensitive to substitutional disorder so their intensities, especially those of the collinear three-atom configurations, can be used as a measure of the ordering level. The thin film has been found to be chemically disordered (s <= 0.4), in agreement with previous estimates. The Pt(3 +/-delta)Co nanoalloy has been found to be partially ordered (s = 0.6 +/- 0.1) while the local structure around Co atoms is characterized by a higher level of structural disorder as compared to the bulk-like thin film. The robust approach for nanomaterial characterization used in this work combining different techniques can, in principle, be applied for structural refinements of any binary nanocrystalline functional system.

Local structural and chemical ordering of nanosized Pt(3 +/-delta)Co probed by multiple-scattering x-ray absorption spectroscopy

MINICUCCI, Marco;DI CICCO, Andrea
2011

Abstract

This work reports a detailed investigation of the local structure and chemical disorder of a Pt(3 +/-delta)Co thin film and Pt(3 +/-delta)Co nanoparticles. We have used a combination of techniques including x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM). High-quality XAS spectra at the Co K edge and Pt L(3) edge have been analyzed using double-edge multiple-scattering data analysis. Structural extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) refinements have been performed accounting for the reduction of the coordination numbers and degeneracy of three-atom configurations, resulting from the measured size distribution and stoichiometry. The important effect of chemical ordering on pair and three-atom configurations has been studied using computer simulations based on a simple model accounting for substitutional disorder, defined by an order parameter s. It has been found that individual EXAFS signals related to the minority species (Co) are extremely sensitive to substitutional disorder so their intensities, especially those of the collinear three-atom configurations, can be used as a measure of the ordering level. The thin film has been found to be chemically disordered (s <= 0.4), in agreement with previous estimates. The Pt(3 +/-delta)Co nanoalloy has been found to be partially ordered (s = 0.6 +/- 0.1) while the local structure around Co atoms is characterized by a higher level of structural disorder as compared to the bulk-like thin film. The robust approach for nanomaterial characterization used in this work combining different techniques can, in principle, be applied for structural refinements of any binary nanocrystalline functional system.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/237478
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact