It has long been known that the major function of NAD+ is as an electron carrier in various biological oxidation-reduction systems. From many papers it is evident that NAD+ is involved as substrate in ADP-ribosylation reactions. We have focused our attention on two chromatin enzymes: NMN-adenylyltransferase that catalyzes reversible synthesis of NAD+ utilizing ATP and NMN, and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase that covalently modifies nucleosomal proteins through poly ADP-ribosylation reactions. Here we provided evidence of these activities in a system of isolated nuclei from human placenta. The data presented in this report show that purified nuclei might be useful to study the nuclear location of these enzymes and their reciprocal interactions
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