A computational study based on standard Density Functional Theory and polarized continuum model has been carried out for investigating the essential mechanistic features occurring in the catalytic oxidation of two model substrates, namely ethylene and 1,3-butadiene, promoted by vanadyl acetylacetonate [VO(acac)2] in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Results, showing in general a qualitative agreement with experimental data carried out on more complex systems, provide quite different scenarios depending on the conditions employed for the reaction. In particular, under thermodynamic control, no selectivity is observed between the two competitive routes, either epoxidation or double bond oxidative cleavage, in both the substrates. On the other hand, under kinetic control, in both systems the double bond oxidative cleavage is always the favored path, although in the case of 1,3-butadiene the difference with the epoxidation route is enhanced, this confirming that the selectivity is sensitive to the nature of the substituent in the vinyl position.

Insights on the mechanistic features of catalytic oxidations of simple and conjugated olefins promoted by VO(acac)2/H2O2 system, in acetonitrile: A computational study

DI NICOLA, CORRADO;MARCHETTI, Fabio
2012

Abstract

A computational study based on standard Density Functional Theory and polarized continuum model has been carried out for investigating the essential mechanistic features occurring in the catalytic oxidation of two model substrates, namely ethylene and 1,3-butadiene, promoted by vanadyl acetylacetonate [VO(acac)2] in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. Results, showing in general a qualitative agreement with experimental data carried out on more complex systems, provide quite different scenarios depending on the conditions employed for the reaction. In particular, under thermodynamic control, no selectivity is observed between the two competitive routes, either epoxidation or double bond oxidative cleavage, in both the substrates. On the other hand, under kinetic control, in both systems the double bond oxidative cleavage is always the favored path, although in the case of 1,3-butadiene the difference with the epoxidation route is enhanced, this confirming that the selectivity is sensitive to the nature of the substituent in the vinyl position.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/234511
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