The free self-diffusion of an assembly of interacting particles confined on a quasi-one-dimensional ring is investigated both numerically and analytically. The interparticle pairwise interaction can be either attractive or repulsive and the energy barrier opposing thermal hopping of two particles one past the other is finite. Thus, for sufficiently long times, self-diffusion becomes normal or conventional diffusion. However, depending on the particle density, subdiffusive transients with exponent 1/2 and suppression of normal diffusion are observed. Above a certain density threshold, a sudden drop to zero of the diffusion coefficient for attractive particles signals the transition to a jammed phase. Furthermore, a Gaussian cluster of attractive particles condenses, by shrinking in size, for densities larger than such density threshold; lower density clusters spread out, regardless of the interaction sign, through a diffusion mechanism that is anomalous at short times, and normal for sufficiently long times. These effects could be observed in systems with colloidal particles, vortices, electrons, among other interacting particle systems.

Diffusion of interacting Brownian particles: Jamming and anomalous diffusion

MARCHESONI, Fabio;
2006

Abstract

The free self-diffusion of an assembly of interacting particles confined on a quasi-one-dimensional ring is investigated both numerically and analytically. The interparticle pairwise interaction can be either attractive or repulsive and the energy barrier opposing thermal hopping of two particles one past the other is finite. Thus, for sufficiently long times, self-diffusion becomes normal or conventional diffusion. However, depending on the particle density, subdiffusive transients with exponent 1/2 and suppression of normal diffusion are observed. Above a certain density threshold, a sudden drop to zero of the diffusion coefficient for attractive particles signals the transition to a jammed phase. Furthermore, a Gaussian cluster of attractive particles condenses, by shrinking in size, for densities larger than such density threshold; lower density clusters spread out, regardless of the interaction sign, through a diffusion mechanism that is anomalous at short times, and normal for sufficiently long times. These effects could be observed in systems with colloidal particles, vortices, electrons, among other interacting particle systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/224083
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