Composite steel-concrete beams are commonly used as flooring in buildings. The composite action between slab and steel joist is typically provided by shear connectors welded to the top of the steel joist and embedded in the concrete. This paper investigates the effects of material uncertainties on the numerically simulated structural response of simply-supported beam tests reported in the literature by means of Monte Carlo simulation (MCS). The numerical analyses are performed using a three-dimensional finite element model developed using the commercial software Abaqus and capable of predicting the response of composite steel-concrete members as well as the influence of the shear connectors without having to rely on shear connection load-slip curves obtained from push-out tests. All materials are assumed to behave in a nonlinear fashion. Contact regions between the concrete and steel elements are simulated using surface-to-surface and embedment techniques. The statistical information on the structural response obtained from MCS using different realisation sizes is compared and discussed. For the particular case studies considered in this paper it can be concluded that even a reduced number of realisations can already provide meaningful statistical representations of the structural response of the considered composite floor beams.

A probabilistic three-dimensional finite element study on simply-supported composite floor beams

ZONA, Alessandro
2012

Abstract

Composite steel-concrete beams are commonly used as flooring in buildings. The composite action between slab and steel joist is typically provided by shear connectors welded to the top of the steel joist and embedded in the concrete. This paper investigates the effects of material uncertainties on the numerically simulated structural response of simply-supported beam tests reported in the literature by means of Monte Carlo simulation (MCS). The numerical analyses are performed using a three-dimensional finite element model developed using the commercial software Abaqus and capable of predicting the response of composite steel-concrete members as well as the influence of the shear connectors without having to rely on shear connection load-slip curves obtained from push-out tests. All materials are assumed to behave in a nonlinear fashion. Contact regions between the concrete and steel elements are simulated using surface-to-surface and embedment techniques. The statistical information on the structural response obtained from MCS using different realisation sizes is compared and discussed. For the particular case studies considered in this paper it can be concluded that even a reduced number of realisations can already provide meaningful statistical representations of the structural response of the considered composite floor beams.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/213256
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