In the present study, we investigated whether the use of Enterococcus faecium IMC 511 as a probiotic can modulate neuroendocrine system responses during the larval rearing of Solea solea; to this end, the gene expression patterns of proopiomelanocortin (POMC), endocannabinoid receptor 1A (CB1A), and thyroid receptor alpha (TRa) were quantified, and whole-body cortisol levels were measured. Probiotic treatment up-regulated transcription of all selected genes and cortisol concentrations on day 10 post hatch (ph), while on day 30 ph experimental groups showed significantly lower levels of both POMC and CB1A compared to those of the control group. These changes were no longer evident on day 60 ph, when POMC, CB1A, TRa gene expression and cortisol titers were found to be similar in all experimental groups. Our results suggest that metabolic responses to probiotic treatment can be modulated through the activation of genes selected for functional interaction between the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis and the melanocortin and the endocannabinoid systems. Furthermore, the observed (30 ph) down-regulation of both POMC and CB1A gene expression coupled with up-regulation of TRa mRNF levels suggest the activation of a compensatory mechanism that promotes growth and development and perhaps modulates food intake.

Modulation of cortisol levels, endocannabinoid receptor 1A, proopiomelanocortin and thyroid hormone receptor alpha mRNA expressions by probiotics during sole (Solea solea) larval development

PALERMO, Francesco Alessandro;MOSCONI, Gilberto;VERDENELLI, Maria Cristina;CECCHINI, Cinzia;
2011-01-01

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated whether the use of Enterococcus faecium IMC 511 as a probiotic can modulate neuroendocrine system responses during the larval rearing of Solea solea; to this end, the gene expression patterns of proopiomelanocortin (POMC), endocannabinoid receptor 1A (CB1A), and thyroid receptor alpha (TRa) were quantified, and whole-body cortisol levels were measured. Probiotic treatment up-regulated transcription of all selected genes and cortisol concentrations on day 10 post hatch (ph), while on day 30 ph experimental groups showed significantly lower levels of both POMC and CB1A compared to those of the control group. These changes were no longer evident on day 60 ph, when POMC, CB1A, TRa gene expression and cortisol titers were found to be similar in all experimental groups. Our results suggest that metabolic responses to probiotic treatment can be modulated through the activation of genes selected for functional interaction between the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis and the melanocortin and the endocannabinoid systems. Furthermore, the observed (30 ph) down-regulation of both POMC and CB1A gene expression coupled with up-regulation of TRa mRNF levels suggest the activation of a compensatory mechanism that promotes growth and development and perhaps modulates food intake.
2011
262
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11581/210862
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