As a continuation of previous research on anticholinergic drugs derived from 2,2-diphenyl-2-ethylthioacetic acid, several 5,5-diphenyl-5-ethylthio-2-pentynamines (2-11) were synthetised and their antimuscarinic activity on M1-4 receptor subtypes was evaluated by functional tests and binding experiments. One of the compounds obtained showed unexpected agonistic activity in functional experiments on M2 receptors. Since the compound carried a phenylpiperazine moiety, other similar compounds (12-17) were prepared and found to be endowed with similar behaviour. These ligands, although possessing the bulky structure characterising muscarinic antagonists, display agonistic activity at M2 subtypes while, as expected, behaving as antagonists on M3 and M4 subtypes. On M1 subtypes, they show agonistic activity which, however, is not blocked by atropine. The peculiar pharmacological profile of these compounds is of interest for studying muscarinic receptor subtypes.
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|Titolo:||Structure-Activity Relationships in 2,2-Diphenyl-2-ethylthioacetic Acid Esters: Unexpected Agonist Activity in a Series of Muscarinic Antagonists.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|