Software components are specified, designed and implemented with the intention to be reused, and they are assembled in various contexts in order to produce a multitude of software systems. However, in the practice of software development, this ideal scenario is often unrealistic. This is mainly due to the lack of an automatic and efficient support to predict properties of the assembly code by only assuming a limited knowledge of the properties of single components. Moreover, to make effective the component-based vision, the assembly code should evolve when things change, i.e., the properties guaranteed by the assembly, before a change occurs, must hold also after the change. Glue code synthesis approaches technically permit one to construct an assembly of components that guarantees specific properties but, practically, they may suffer from the state-space explosion phenomenon. In this paper, we propose a Software Architecture (SA) based approach in which the usage of the system SA and of SA verification techniques allows the system assembler to design architectural components whose interaction is verified with respect to the specified properties. By exploiting this validation, the system assembler can perform code synthesis by only focusing on each single architectural component, hence refining it as an assembly of actual components which respect the architectural component observable behaviour. In this way code synthesis is performed locally on each architectural component, instead of globally on the whole system interactions, hence reducing the state-space explosion phenomenon. The approach can be equally well applied to efficiently manage the whole reconfiguration of the system when one or more components need to be updated, still maintaining the required properties. The specified and verified system SA is used as starting point for the derivation of glue adaptors that are required to apply changes in the composed system. The approach is firstly illustrated over an explanatory example and is then applied and validated over a real-world industrial case study.

An architectural approach to the correct and automatic assembly of evolving component-based systems

POLINI, Andrea
2008

Abstract

Software components are specified, designed and implemented with the intention to be reused, and they are assembled in various contexts in order to produce a multitude of software systems. However, in the practice of software development, this ideal scenario is often unrealistic. This is mainly due to the lack of an automatic and efficient support to predict properties of the assembly code by only assuming a limited knowledge of the properties of single components. Moreover, to make effective the component-based vision, the assembly code should evolve when things change, i.e., the properties guaranteed by the assembly, before a change occurs, must hold also after the change. Glue code synthesis approaches technically permit one to construct an assembly of components that guarantees specific properties but, practically, they may suffer from the state-space explosion phenomenon. In this paper, we propose a Software Architecture (SA) based approach in which the usage of the system SA and of SA verification techniques allows the system assembler to design architectural components whose interaction is verified with respect to the specified properties. By exploiting this validation, the system assembler can perform code synthesis by only focusing on each single architectural component, hence refining it as an assembly of actual components which respect the architectural component observable behaviour. In this way code synthesis is performed locally on each architectural component, instead of globally on the whole system interactions, hence reducing the state-space explosion phenomenon. The approach can be equally well applied to efficiently manage the whole reconfiguration of the system when one or more components need to be updated, still maintaining the required properties. The specified and verified system SA is used as starting point for the derivation of glue adaptors that are required to apply changes in the composed system. The approach is firstly illustrated over an explanatory example and is then applied and validated over a real-world industrial case study.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/201407
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