The proteasomes are the major intracellular proteolytic systems involved in the removal of altered proteins. In this study, we examined different susceptibilities of constitutive (XYZ) and interferon-gamma inducible (LMP) 20S proteasomes, isolated from bovine brain and thymus, respectively, to peroxynitrite-mediated oxidation. Exposure of XYZ and LMP proteasomes to increasing amounts of peroxynitrite resulted in different levels, in the two enzymes, of 3-nitrotyrosine groups and tryptophan residues oxidation. 1-Anilino-8-naphtalene-sulfonic acid binding studies and quenching of tryptophan residues indicated that the LMP complex was more sensitive to peroxynitrite. Regarding the proteolytic activities, the XYZ proteasome showed an overall activation (even if the trypsin-like (T-L) component was 20% inhibited), with the peptidyl-glutamyl peptide-hydrolyzing (PGPH) and branched-chain amino acid-preferring (BrAAP) activities being the most stimulated. On the other end, the LMP proteasome was inhibited, especially the BrAAP activity, whereas the T-L activity was not affected. Furthermore, exposure to increasing amounts of peroxynitrite induced a gradual decrease of beta-casein degrading rate by the LMP proteasome, whereas it did not influence the constitutive complex. Our results indicated that peroxynitrite caused a mild modification of the XYZ complex, leading to activation of its catalytic activities. Differently, the LMP proteasome showed a more significant conformational change resulting in the inhibition of the proteolytic functions. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc.
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|Titolo:||Peroxynitrite induced oxidation and its effects on isolated proteasomal systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|