Within 33 weeks of life, all 10 mammary glands of virgin BALB/c mice transgenic for the transforming rat HER-2/neu oncogene under the mammary tumor virus promoter (BALB-neuT mice) progress from atypical hyperplasia to invasive palpable carcinoma. Repeated DNA vaccination with plasmids coding for the extracellular and transmembrane domain of the protein product of rat HER-2/neu (r-p185neu) delayed tumor onset and reduced tumor multiplicity, but this protection eventually declined, and few mice were tumor free at 1 year of age. Association of plasmid vaccination with administration of soluble mouse LAG-3 (lymphocyte activation gene-3/CD223) generated by fusing the extracellular domain of murine LAG-3 to a murine IgG2a Fc portion (mLAG-3Ig) elicited a stronger and sustained protection that kept 70% of 1-year-old mice tumor free. Moreover, this combined vaccination, which was performed when multiple in situ carcinomas were already evident, extended disease-free survival and reduced carcinoma multiplicity. Inhibition of carcinogenesis was associated with markedly reduced epithelial cell proliferation and r-p185neu expression, whereas the few remaining hyperplastic foci were heavily infiltrated by reactive leukocytes. A stronger and enduring r-p185neu-specific cytotoxicity, a sustained release of IFN-γ and interleukin 4, and a marked expansion of both CD8+/CD11b+/CD28+ effector and CD8+/CD11b+/CD28- memory effector T-cell populations were induced in immunized mice. This combined vaccination also elicited a quicker and higher antibody response to r-p185neu, as well as an early antibody isotype switch. These data suggest that the appropriate costimulation provided by mLAG-3Ig enables DNA vaccination to establish an effective protection, probably by enhancing cross-presentation of the DNA coded antigen.

LAG-3 enables DNA vaccination to persistently prevent mammary carcinogenesis in HER-2/neu transgenic BALB/c mice

AMICI, Augusto;
2003

Abstract

Within 33 weeks of life, all 10 mammary glands of virgin BALB/c mice transgenic for the transforming rat HER-2/neu oncogene under the mammary tumor virus promoter (BALB-neuT mice) progress from atypical hyperplasia to invasive palpable carcinoma. Repeated DNA vaccination with plasmids coding for the extracellular and transmembrane domain of the protein product of rat HER-2/neu (r-p185neu) delayed tumor onset and reduced tumor multiplicity, but this protection eventually declined, and few mice were tumor free at 1 year of age. Association of plasmid vaccination with administration of soluble mouse LAG-3 (lymphocyte activation gene-3/CD223) generated by fusing the extracellular domain of murine LAG-3 to a murine IgG2a Fc portion (mLAG-3Ig) elicited a stronger and sustained protection that kept 70% of 1-year-old mice tumor free. Moreover, this combined vaccination, which was performed when multiple in situ carcinomas were already evident, extended disease-free survival and reduced carcinoma multiplicity. Inhibition of carcinogenesis was associated with markedly reduced epithelial cell proliferation and r-p185neu expression, whereas the few remaining hyperplastic foci were heavily infiltrated by reactive leukocytes. A stronger and enduring r-p185neu-specific cytotoxicity, a sustained release of IFN-γ and interleukin 4, and a marked expansion of both CD8+/CD11b+/CD28+ effector and CD8+/CD11b+/CD28- memory effector T-cell populations were induced in immunized mice. This combined vaccination also elicited a quicker and higher antibody response to r-p185neu, as well as an early antibody isotype switch. These data suggest that the appropriate costimulation provided by mLAG-3Ig enables DNA vaccination to establish an effective protection, probably by enhancing cross-presentation of the DNA coded antigen.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/116382
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 75
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 68
social impact