Aflatoxins (AF) are contaminants of improperly stored foods; they are potent genotoxic and carcinogenic compounds, exerting their effects through damage to DNA. They can also induce mutations that increase oxidative damage. The goal of this study was to evaluate the possibility that a third mechanism could be involved in the carcinogenic action of aflatoxins, namely, direct binding to key enzymes involved in the regulatory pathways of the cell cycle, thereby modulating enzyme functionality. The 20S constitutive and immunoproteasome peptidase and proteolytic activities were assayed in the presence of aflatoxins B1, G1 and M1. All three toxins activated multiple peptidase activities of the proteasome. Aflatoxin (AF) M1 was the most potent activator of proteasome activity, while the constitutive 20S proteasome was specifically stimulated by AFG1. Furthermore, the effects of AFB1 on cultured hepatoma cells were investigated and the various proteasomal activities determined with cell lysates were differently affected. Taking into account the key role of the proteasome in cellular defense against oxidative stress, the carbonyl group content and the activities of antioxidant enzymes in cell lysates were analyzed. The proapoptotic effect of AFB1 was also investigated by measuring caspase-3 activity and cellular levels of p27 and I kappa B alpha.
|Titolo:||Binding of aflatoxins to the 20S proteasome: effects on enzyme functionality and implications for oxidative stress and apoptosis|
|Autori interni:||CECARINI, Valentina|
ELEUTERI, Anna Maria
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|