A series of N6-cycloalkyl-2′,3′-dideoxyadenosine derivatives has been prepared by coupling of 2,6-dichloropurine to protected 2,3-dideoxyribose, followed by reaction with appropriate cycloalkylamines. Synthesized compounds, along with other purine nucleoside analogues previously synthesized in our laboratory, have been tested for their antiviral activity against Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) and sheep Maedi/Visna Virus (MVV), the latter being an in vitro and in vivo model of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). All compounds showed good antireplicative activity against MVV, with the N6-cycloheptyl-2′,3′-dideoxyadenosine (5b) being the most active [effective concentration (EC50) causing 50% reduction of cytopatic effects (CPE)=27 nM]. All compounds showed also a from low to very low cell toxicity, resulting in a cytotoxic dose 50 (CD50)/EC50 ratio in some cases higher than 1000.
|Titolo:||Adenine and deazaadenine nucleoside and deoxynucleoside analogues: inhibition of viral replication of sheep MVV (in vitro model for HIV) and bovine BHV-1|
|Autori interni:||VOLPINI, Rosaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Rivista:||BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|