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|Titolo:||Antitumor Activity of C-Methyl-beta-D-ribofuranosyladenine Nucleosides Ribonucleotide Reductase Inhibitors|
|Autori interni:||CAPPELLACCI, Loredana|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY|
|Abstract:||A series of adenosine derivatives substituted at the 1'-, 2'-, or 3'-position of the ribose ring with a methyl group was synthesized and evaluated for antitumor activity. From this study 3'-C-methyladenosine (3'-Me-Ado) emerged as the most active compound, showing activity against human myelogenous leukemia K562, multidrug resistant human leukemia K562IU, human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60, human colon carcinoma HT-29, and human breast carcinoma MCF-7 cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 11 to 38 mu M. Structure-activity relationship studies showed that the structure of 3'-Me-Ado is crucial for the activity. Substitution of a hydrogen atom of the N-6-amino group with a small alkyl or cycloalkyl group, the introduction of a chlorine atom in the 2-position of the purine ring, or the moving of the methyl group from the T-position to other ribose positions brought about a decrease or loss of antitumor activity. The antiproliferative activity of 3'-Me-Ado appears to be related to its ability to deplete both intracellular purine and pyrimidine deoxynucleotides through ribonucleotide reductase inhibition.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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